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5th grade SS

5th grade SS geography and map skills

QuestionAnswer
environment all things that surround us, such as land, water, air, and trees.
region large area that has common features that set it apart from other areas
continents large, continuous, discrete masses of land, ideally separated by expanses of water
latitude lines distance north or south of the equator measured in degrees
equator imaginary line around the middle of the earth halfway between the north pole and south pole; 0 degrees latitude
geography study of earth and how people use it
prime meridian line of longitude marked 0 degrees. other lines of longitude are measured in degrees East or West of the this line.
globe round model of Earth
longitude lines distance East or West of the prime meridian, measured in degrees.
hemisphere half of a sphere or globe. Earth can be divided into them
five themes of geography location, place, human/environment interaction, movement, and region
Northern Hemisphere half of the Earth north of the equator
equator the widest point between the North and South poles
Southern Hemisphere half of the Earth south of the equator
Western Hemisphere half of the Earth to the west of the prime meridian
Eastern Hemisphere half of the Earth to the east of the prime meridian
latitude lines parallels, because they are parallel to the equator
meridians lines of longitude circle the Earth in a north-south direction
longitude lines are farthest apart at the middle of the Earth but become closer together as they move toward the poles
equator an important latitude line
hemi half
absolute means a location in latitude and longitude numbers to be exact
relative can be measured through means of a relationshiop of one or more against another
geographer a person who studies geography
Created by: fhershey on 2008-08-25



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