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WorldGeographyy010

Chapter 14-17 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Cultural Diffusion the process by which the people adopt the practices of their neighbors
Renaissance the rival of art, literature, and learning that took place in europe during the fourteenth, fifteenth, and sixteenth centuries
Industrial Revolution the shift from human power to machine power``
Summit the highest point of a mountain or similar elevation
Prevailing Westerlies the constant flow of air form west to east in the temperate zones of the Earth
Euro the common currecny used by member nations of the European union
Compulsory required
Fertile able to produce abundantly
Ore a rocky material comtaining a vulnerable mineral
Terciary Economic Activity an economic activity in which people do not directly gather or process raw materials but pursue activities that serve others
Moor broad, treeless, rolling land often poorly drained and having patches of marsh and peat bog
Bog an area of wet spongey ground
Glen a narrow valley
Peat spongey material containing waterlogged and decaying mosses and plants sometimes dried and used as fuel
Cultural Divergence the resriction of culture from outside infuences
Blight a plant disease
Fjord a narrow valley or inlet from the sea originally carved out by an advancin glacier and filled by melting glacial ice
Geothermal Energy energy produced from the earth intense interior heat
Mixed Economy a system combinging differet degrees of government regulation
Dialect a variation of a spoken language that is unique to a region or community
Impressionism a style of art where painters try to catch visual impressions made by color, light, and shadows
Recession an extended decline in buisness ectivity
Confederation a system of government in which individual political units keep their soveringetybut give imited power to the central government
Reparation money paid for war damages
Inflation a sharp, widespread rise in prices
Lignite a soft brownish-black coal
Dike an embankment of earth and rock built to hold back water
Polder an area of low-lying land that has been reclaimed form the sea
Decentralize to transfer government power to smaller regions
Canton a political division or state; one of the states in Switerland
Neutral to bring a buisness under state control
Perishable Good a product that does not stay fresh for long
Strip Mining the process whereby miners strip away the surfaceof the earth to lay bare the mineral deposits
Navigable deep and wide enough to allow the passage of strips
Dry Farming a farming techmique that leaves land unplanted every few year in order to gather moisture
Sirocco a hot, dry wind from northern africa
Hub a central point of cencentrated activity influence
Seismic Activity earthquakes and volcanic eruptions
Subsidence a geological phenomenon in which the ground in an area sink
Renaissance the rival of art, literature, and learning that took place in europe during the 14, 15, and 16 century
Created by: michelleguevara