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Vocab Chapt 14-17

TermDefinition
cultural diffusion the process by which people adopt the practices of their neighbors
renaissance the revival of art, literature, and learning that took place in Europe during the fourteenth fifteenth and sixteenth centuries
industrial revolution the shift from human power to machine power
summit the highest point of a mountain or similiar elevation
prevailing westerlies the constant flow of air from west to east in the temperature zones of the earth
euro the common currency used by member nations of the European Union
compulsory required
fertile able to produce abundantly
ore rocky material containing a valuable material
tertiary economic activity economic activity
moor broad, treeless, rolling land, often poorly drained and having patches of marsh and peat bog
bog an area of wet spongy ground
glen a narrow valley
peat spongy material containing waterlogged and decaying mosses and plants sometimes dried and used as fuel
cultural divergence the restriction of a culture from outside the influences
blight a plant disease
fjord a narrow valley or inlet from the sea originally carved out by an advancing glacier and filled by melting glacial ice
geothermal energy energy produced from the earths intense interior heat
mixed economy a system combining different degrees of government regulation
dialect a variation of a spoken language that is unique to a region or community
impressionism a style of art where painters try to catch visual impressions made by color, light, and shadows
nationalize to bring a business under state control
recession an extended decline in business activity
confederation a system of government in which individual political units keep their sovereignty but give limited power to a central government
reparation money paid for war damages
inflation a sharp widespread rise in prices
lignite a soft, brownish black coal
dike an embankment of earth and rock built to hold back water
polder an area of low-lying land that has been reclaimed from the sea
decentralize to transfer government power to smaller regions
canton a political division or state; one of the states in Switzerland
neutral not taking sides in a war
perishable good a product that does not stay fresh for long
strip mining the process whereby miners strip away the surface of the earth to lay bare the mineral deposits
navigable deep and wide enough to allow the passage of ships
dry farming a farming technique that leaves land unplanted every few years in order to gather moisture
sirocco a hot, dry wind from northern Africa
hub a central point of concentrated activity and influence
seismic activity earthquakes and volcanic eruptions
subsidence a geological phenomenon in which the ground in an area sinks
graben a long narrow area that has dropped between two faults
inhabitable able to support permanent residents
tsunami a huge wave caused primarily by a disturbance beneath the ocean such as an earthquake or a volcanic eruption
Created by: hollywest