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ch. 14-17

vocabulary

TermDefinition
Cultural Diffusion The process by which people adopt the practices of their neighbors.
Renaisance The revival of art, literature, and learning that took place in Europe in the fourteenth, fifteenth, and sixteenth centuries.
Industrial Revolution The shift from human power to machine power.
Summit The highest point of a mountain or similar elevation.
Prevailing Westerlies The constant flow of air from west to east in the temperate zones of the earth.
Euro The common currency used by member nations of the European Union.
Fertile Able to produce abundantly.
Ore A rocky material containing a valuable mineral.
Tertiary Economic Activity An economic activity which people do not directly gather or process raw materials but pursue activities that serve others; service industry.
Moor Broad, treeless, rolling land, often poorly drained and having patches of marsh and peat bog.
Bog An area of wet, spongy ground.
Glen A narrow valley
Peat Spongy material containing waterlogged and decaying mosses and plants, sometimes dried and used as fuel.
Cultural Divergence the restriction of a culture from outside influences
Blight a plant disease
fjord a narrow valley or inlet from the sea, originally carved out by an advancing glacier and filled by melting glacial ice
Geothermal Energy energy produced from the earth's intense interior heat
Mixed Economy a system combining different degrees of government regulation
Dialect a variation of a spoken language that is unique to a region or community
Impressionism a style of art where painters try to catch visual impressions made by color, light, and shadows
Nationalism pride in one's nation; the desire of a cultural group to rule themselves as a separate nation
Recession an extended decline in business activity
Confederation a system of government in which individual political units keep their sovereignty but give limited power to a central government
Reparation money paid for war damages
Inflation a sharp, widespread rise in prices
Lignite a soft, brownish-black coal
Dike an embankment of earth and rock built to hold back water
Polder an area of low-lying land that has been reclaimed from the sea
Decentralize to transfer government power to smaller regions
Canton a deep valley with vertical sides that have been eroded by river water
Neutral not taking side in a war
Perishable good a product that does not stay fresh for long
Strip Mining the process whereby miners strip away the surface of the earth to lay bare the mineral deposits
Navigable
Dry Fardming
Sirocco
Hub
Seismic Activity
Subsidence
Graben
Inhabitable
tsunami
Created by: casandra kelley