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Chap 14-17

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Cultural Diffusion The restriction of a culture from outside influences.
Renaissance The revival of art, literature, and learning that took place in Europe during the fourteenth, fifteenth, and sixteenth centuries.
Industrial Revolution The shift from human power to machine power.
Summit The highest point of a mountain or similar elevation.
Prevailing Westerlies The constant flow of air from west to east in the temperate zones of the earth.
Euro The common currency used by member nations of the European Union.
Compulsory Required.
Fertile Able to produce abundantly.
Ore A rocky material containing a valuable mineral.
Tertiary economic activity An economic activity in which people dont directly gather or process raw materials but pursue activities that serve others; service industry.
Moor Broad, treeless, rolling land, often poorly drained and having patches of marsh and peat bog.
Bog An area of wet, spongy ground.
Glen A narrow valley.
Peat Spongy material containing waterlogged and decaying mosses and plants, sometimes dried and uses fuel.
Cultural Divergence The restriction of a culture from outside influences.
Blight A plant disease.
Fjord A narrow valley or inlet from the sea, originally carved out by an advancing glacier and filled by melting glacial ice.
Geothermal Energy Energy produced from the earths intense interior heat.
Mixed Economy A system combining different degrees of government regulation.
Dialect A variation of a spoken language that is unique to region or community.
Impressionism A style of art where painters try to catch visual impressions made by colo, light and shadows.
Nationalize To bring a business under state control.
Recession An extended decline in business activity.
Confederation A system of government in which individual political units keep their sovereignty but give limited power to a central government.
Reparation Money paid for damages.
Inflation A sharp, widespread rise in prices.
Lignite A soft, brownish-black coal.
Dike An embankment of earth an rock built to hold back water.
Polder An area of low lying land that has been reclaimed from the sea.
Decentralize To transfer government power to smaller regions.
Canton A political division or state; one of the states in Switzerland.
Neutral Not taking slides in war.
Perishable Good A product that does not stay fresh for long.
Strip mining The process whereby miners strip away the surface of the earth to lay bar the mineral deposits.
Navigable Deep and wide enough to allow the passage of ships.
Dry Farming A farming technique that leaves land unplanted every few years in order to gather moisture.
Sirocco A hot,dry wind from northern Africa.
Hub A central point of concentrated activity and influence.
Seismic Activity Earthquakes and volcanic eruptions .
Subsidence A geological phenomenon in which the ground in an areas sinks.
Graben A long narrow area that has dropped between two faults.
Inhabitable Able to support permanent residents.
Tsunami A huge wave caused primarily by a disturbance beneath the ocean, such as an earthquake or a volcanic eruption.
Created by: alisantos