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Ch. 14-17 Vocab.

TermDefinition
Cultural diffusion. The process by which people adopt the practices of their neighbors.
Renaissance. The revival of art, literature, and learning that took place in Europe during the fourteenth, fifteenth, and sixteenth centuries.
Industrial revolution. The sift from human power to machine power.
Summits. The highest point of a mountain or similar elevation.
Prevailing westerlies. The constant flow of air from west to east in the temperate zones of the earth.
Euro. The common currency used by member nations of the European Union.
Compulsory. Required.
Fertile. Able to produce abundantly.
Ore. A rocky material containing a valuable material.
Tertiary economic activity. An economic activity in which people do not directly gather or process raw materials but pursue activities that serve others; service industry.
Moor. Broad, treeless, rolling land, often poorly drained and having patches of marsh and peat bog.
Bog. An area of wet spongy ground.
Glen. A narrow valley.
Peat. Spongy material containing waterlogged and decaying mosses and plants, sometimes dried and used as fuel.
Cultural divergence. The restriction of a culture from outside influence.
Blight. A plant disease.
Fjord. A narrow valley or inlet from the sea, originally carved out by an advancing glacier and filled by melting glacial ice.
Geothermal energy. Energy produced from the earth's intense interior heat.
Mixed economy. A system combining different degrees of government regulation.
Dialect. A variation of a spoken language that is unique to a region or community.
Impressionism. A style of art where painters try to catch visual impressions made by color, light, and shadows.
Nationalize. To bring a business under state control.
Recession. An extended decline in business activity.
Confederation. A system of government in which individual political units keep their sovereignty but give limited power to a central government.
Reparation. Money paid for war damages.
Inflation. A sharp, widespread rise in prices.
Lignite. A soft, brownish-black coal.
Dike. An embankment of the earth and rock built to hold back water.
Polder. An area of low-lying land that has been reclaimed from the sea.
Decentralize. To transfer government power to smaller regions.
Canton. A political division or state; one of the states in Switzerland.
Neutral. Not taking sides in a war.
Perishable good. A product that does not stay fresh for long.
Strip mining. The process whereby miners strip away the surface of the earth to lay bare the mineral deposits.
Navigable. Deep and wide enough to allow the passage of ships.
Dry farming. A farming technique that leaves land unplanted every few years in order to gather moisture.
Sirocco. A hot, dry wind from northern Africa.
Hub. A central point of concentrated activity and influence.
Seismic activity. Earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.
Subsidence. A geological phenomenon in which the ground in an area sinks.
Graben. A long, narrow area that has dropped between two faults.
Inhabitable. Able to support permanent residents.
Tsunami. A huge wave caused primarily by a disturbance beneath the ocean, such as an earthquake or volcanic eruption.
Created by: jackfulcher