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Root Words

Medical Terminology

adeno gland
calculi stone
cele tumor, cyst, hernia
cyto cell
glyco sugar, sweet
homeo, homo similar, same, like
lingua tongue
lip fat
lith stone
madaro falling hair
psych mind
pyo pus
radi rays
thermic heat
arthro joint
carpo wrist
chrondro cartiliage
costa rib
cranio skull
dactyl finger
ili hip
manus hand
myel bone marrow
myo muscle
ortho straighten
osteo bone
pedi foot
spondyl vertebra
cutis skin
dent teeth
derma skin
hapsia touch
odont teeth
onco tumor
onychia nail beds
pedicular lice
prurigo itching
psora itch
sarco flesh
sclero hard
squama scaly
tricho hair
chole bile, gallbladder
colon large intestine
emesis vomiting
entero intestine
gastro stomach
glosso tongue
hepat liver
ile ileum
laparo abdomen
myxo mucus
practo anus, rectum
pyloro pylorus, gatekeeper
stoma opening, mouth
viscero body organs
angio vessel
aortal aorta, main artery
arterio artery
cardio heart
emboli vessel obstruction
emia blood
hema, hemo blood
phleb vein
thrombo blood clot
varico varicose veins
vaso blood vessel
vena vein
ventricu heart cavity
broncho bronchi, airway
cili hairlike processes
ectasis expansion
laryngo larnyx, voice box
naso nose
oro mouth
oxy oxygen, keen
pector breast, chest
pleura rib side
pneumo lung
ptysis to spit
pulmo lungs
rhin nose
tracheo trachea, windpipe
creatinine a waste material in urine
cysto bladder
glomerulo nephron part, little ball
nephro kidney
peritoneo lining of abdomen organs
pyelo pelvis
reni kidney
uretero uterer
urethro urethra
uri urine
uric pertaining to urine
urina urine
uro urine
bulbo bulblike, bulbourethral gland
cervi neck, uterua
galacto milk
genito reproductive system
hyster uterus
lactin milk
mast breast
metr uterus
natal born
oophoro ovary
orchido testicle
ova, ovi, ovo egg
salping tube, fallopian
sperma spermato seed
vas duct.vessel
audio sound
cerebro brain
encephalo brain
esthesia sensation
medulla brain middle
meningo membranes, spinal cord
neuro nerves
occiput back of skull
oculo eye
ophthalmo eye
oto ear
parietes parietel, wall part
pons bridges
tempora temporal
a, an without
ab away from
ad toward
algia pain
ante before, wall part
anti against
bi two, double
brady slow
circum around
co, con together
de down, away from
desis binding, fixation of
dia through
dys difficult, abnormal
ecto outside
ectomy excision
endo within
epi outer, on top of, over
exo away from
extra outside, beyond
ferro iron
fore before
form shape of
graphy writing, record
hemi half
hydra(o) water
hyper abover
hypo below
iasis condition of
iatric medicine
ic pertaining to
inter between
intra within
isis, asis condition of
itis inflammation of
juxta near
kinesis movement
kypho humped
logia, logy science of
lysis disintegration
macro large, long
malacia softening
med, medi, medio middle
mega, megaly enlargement
micro small
mono single, one
multi many
neo new
ob against
oid like, shape, resemble
oligo few
ology study of
oma tumor
osis conditon
atomy incision
pachy thick
par near, departure from norm
path disease
penia deficiency
peri around
pexy fixation, suspension
phobia fear of
phoresis transmission
plasty plastic surgical correction
plegia paralysis, stroke
poly many
post after
pre before
pro in front of, on behalf of
psuedo false
ptosis falling
re back, again
retro backward
rrhaphy suture
rhexis rupture
scopy exam
semi half
sphygmo pulse
sub below
super, supra above
sym, syn together
tachy swift, fast
tele distance
toxo toxic, poison
trans across
tri three
ultra above
uni one
xeno foreign
xero dry
albus white
chloro green
chrom color
cirrhos yellow
cyano blue
erythr red
leuko white
melano black
polio grey
purpura purple
rhodo rose
rubeo red
xantho yellow
CMA certified medical assistant
CNA certified nursing aide
EMT emergency medical technician
LVN licensed vocational nurse
LPN licensed practical nurse
MD medical doctor
ME medical examiner
MLT medical lab technologist
NP nurse practitioner
OT occupational therapist
PA physicians assistant
PT physical therapist
RHIT registered health information technician
RN registered nurse
RRT registered respiratory therapist
RT respiratory therapist
a before
aa of each
abd abdominal
a.c. before meals
ADL activity of daily living
ad lib as desired
a.m. morning
amt. amount
AROM active range of motion
AX axillary
BID two times a day
BM bowel movement
BP blood pressure
BRP bathroom privileges
C Celsius
cal calorie
cath catheter
CBR complete bed rest
cc cubic centimeter
CHF congestive heart failure
cm centimeter
CN charge nurse
CNS central nervous system
c/o complaints of
DC discontinue
DON director of nursing
Dr. doctor
DX diagnosis
F Fahrenheit
fx fracture
GI gastrointestinal
gtt drop
GU genitourinary
h hour
H2O water
HOB head of bed
HOH hard of hearing
HS hour of sleep
I/O intake and output
IV intravenous
kg kilogram
L liter
lb. pound
LE lower extremity
LLE lower left extremity
LUE left upper extremity
Lt. left
MI myocardial infarction
mm millimeter
noc night
NPO nothing by mouth
N/V nausea and vomiting
O.D. right eye
OOB out of bed
O.S. left eye
O.U. both eyes
oz. ounce
P pulse
p.c. after meals
PO by mouth
p.m. evening
prn as needed
PROM passive range of motion
pt. patient
qd every day
qh every hour
q2h every two hours
qid every other day
QNS quantity not sufficient
QS quantity sufficient
R respirations
RE right extremity
RUE right upper extremity
RLE right lower extremity
ROM range of motion
Rx prescription
sig. write, to be labeled
SOB shortness of breath
ss half
SSE soap suds enema
staph staphylococcus
stat immediately
strep streptococcus
syr syrup
T temperature
T tablet
tbsp tablespoon
tid three times a day
TO telephone order
TPR temperature, pulse, and respirations
tsp teaspoon
UP universal precautions
URI upper respiratory infection
UTI urinary tract infection
v.o. verbal order
v.s. vital signs
W/C wheelchair
wt. weight
CCU coronary care unit / critical care unit
CS central supply
EENT eyes, ears, nose, and throat
ER emergency room
GI lab gastrointestinal lab
lab laboratory
MICU medical intensive care unit
NICU neuro intensive care unit / neonatal intensive care unit
OB-GYN obstetrics and gynecology / obstetrician gynecologist
OR operating room
pedi pediatrics
PT physical therapy
RT respiratory therapy
SICU surgical intensive care unit
ABG arterial blood gas
ACP acute care panel
BUN blood urea nitrogen
C culture and sensitivity
CBC complete blood count
chem. chemistry
CSF cerebral spinal fluid
CXR chest Xray
DPT diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus
FBS fasting blood sugar
HCT hematocrit
Hgb hemoglobin
lytes electrolytes
O ova and parasites
O2 oxygen
RBC red blood cells
TB tuberculosis
UA urinalysis
WBC white blood cells
Ca calcium
Cl chloride
CRE creatinine
Fe iron
Clu glucose
K+ potassium
Na sodium
NaHCO3 sodium bicarbonate
Created by: peckhammadilyn