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OPP Test 1

What is the professional definition of Osteopathic Medicine? Osteopathic medicine is a complete system of medical care with a philosophy that combines the needs of the patient with the current practice of medicine, surgery, and obstetrics, that emphasizes the interrelationship between structure and function, and th
What is the lay definition of Osteopathic Medicine? A Doctor of osteopathic medicine (D.O.) is a fully licensed physician who can perform surgery and prescribe medication.  D.O.s receive extra medical training so they can use their hands to help diagnose and treat their patients.  There is a focus on under
What is the first principle of Osteopathic Medicine? The body is a unit; the person is a unit of body, mind, and spirit
What is the second principle of Osteopathic Medicine? The body is capable of self-regulation, self-healing, and health maintenance
What is the third principle of Osteopathic Medicine? Structure and function are reciprocally interdependent
What is the fourth principle of Osteopathic Medicine? Rational treatment is based upon an understanding of the basic principles of body unity, self-regulation, and the interrelationship of structure and function
What is the Postural-Structural Model? The patient is approached from a biomechanical orientation toward the musculoskeletal system
What are the components of the Postural-Structural model? Postural examStructural examSomatic dysfunction diagnosisOsteopathic manipulative treatmentExercise prescription
What is a structural examination? The examination of a patient by an osteopathic physician with emphasis on the neuromusculoskeletal system, including palpatory diagnosis for somatic dysfunction and viscerosomatic change, in the context of total patient care.
What is somatic dysfunction? Impaired or altered function of related components of the somatic (body framework) system: skeletal, arthrodial, and myofascial structures, and related vascular, lymphatic, and neural elements.
What are the criteria for somatic dysfunction? TARTTissue texture abnormalityAssymetryRestriction of motionTenderness
What is thoracic kneading? A soft tissue technique to reduce tension
What defines thoracic somatic dysfunction and how would you treat it? Paraspinal tension and tendernessT2-T10 restricted in rotationOMT to reduce tension and improve motion
How would you diagnose and treat scoliosis? Scoliosis is a lateral curvature of the spine, so you would get x-rays and provide flexibility and strengthening exercises.
What is Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment? The therapeutic application of manually guided forces by an osteopathic physician to improve physiologic function and/or support homeostasis that has been altered by somatic dysfunction.
What is soft-tissue technique? A direct technique which usually involves lateral stretching, linear stretching, deep pressure, traction, and/or separation of muscle origin and insertion while monitoring tissue response and motion changes by palpation.
What is traction? Longitudinal muscle stretch.
What is kneading? Lateral muscle pressure.
What is inhibition? Sustained muscle pressure.
What is Effleurage? Stroking pressure to move fluid.
What is Petrissage? Squeezing pressure to move fluid.
What is the neurological model? The patient is approached by diagnosis or treatment of the autonomic nervous system and associated reflexes. (DiGiovanna 2005)Referred painViscerosomatic reflexesChapman points
What are viscerosomatic reflexes? Localized visceral stimuli producing patterns of reflex response in segmentally related somatic structures.
What is the respiratory-circulatory model? The patient is approached from the perspective of improving blood and lymph flowPalpation for edemaEvaluation and treatment of fascial diaphragmsOMT to improve drainage
What is the bioenergetic model? The patient is approached from the perspective of maximizing energy flow within the bodyOMTMyofascial releasePercussion vibrator Facilitated oscillatory release
Created by: eblevins