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Hardware and Softwar

CBA Hardware and Software

TermDefinition
Application Software computer software created to allow the user to perform specific a job or task Examples: Word processing, Spreadsheets, Database,and Graphics software
Central processing Unit(CPU) Executes commands from a computer's hardware and software; the principal computer chip that contains several processing componets, which determines the computer's operating speed; the "brain" of a computer
File management A program on a computer that allows teh suer to create,edit,viewmprint,rename,copy,or dlete files,folders,or an entire file system
File type an extension at the end of a file name, indicating which application was used to create a document i.e., Word files end in doc and Excel files end in xls
Input device data entered into the computer through a variety of devices such as a keyboard, microphone,scanner,flash drive, or mouse
Logon the action of gaining accesss to a computer or a network by entering a username and password; also called Login/Sign In
Memory computer chips that store data and programs while the computer is working; often called TAM or Random Access Memory
Operating System system software that acts as a "go-between", allowing computer hardware and other software to communicate with each other
Output Device allos the user to view or listen to the data a computer processes such as a monitor,printer, headphones, or speakers
Peripheral additonal hardware that isn't necessary for a computer to function, but does enhance how the computer can be used Examples: Scanner, Webcam, Computer Joystick
Save storing data for later use
Save As a feature that allows the user to change the attributes of a file (such as location,file name, or file type) before saving it
Storage device external hardware used to store and retrieve data such as a disk drive,CD/DVD drive, flash drive, or tape drive
System software software responsible for the general operation of a computer system, including the operation of hardware, running application software, and file management Examples: BIOS, Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, or utility software
System Unit a computer case that contains the CPU, power supply, memory, and storage
Created by: dhoward on 2013-12-02



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