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Geography

3 six weeks

TermDefinition
Traditional System in which traditions, customs and beliefs shape the goods and products the society creates.
Free/Captalism profits are the motivator for production base on supply and demand.
Communism/command Central government (state or collective)makes all decisions for society.
Socialism The state owns some or share some industries.
Totalitarianism A political system in which the state holds total authority over the society and seeks to control all aspects of public and private life wherever possible.
Theocracy A system of government in which priests rule in the name of God or a God.
Monarchy A form of government with a monarch at the head.
Dictatorship Government ruled by a dictator.
Republic A state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch.
Biosphere The art of the earth and it's atmosphere in which living organisms exist or that is capable of supporting life.
Lithosphere The rigid outer part of the earth, consisting of the crust and upper mantle.
Hydrosphere All of the waters on the earth's surface, such as lakes and seas and sometimes water over the earth's surface such as clouds.
Atmosphere The envelope of gases surrounding the earth or another planet.
G.P.S (Global Positioning System) A navigational system involving satellites and computers that can determine the latitude and longitude of a receiver on earth by computing the time difference for signals from different satellites to reach each other.
G.I.S (Geographic Information System) A geographic information system is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present all types of geographical data.
G.O.E.S (Geostationary Operational Environment Satellite) Environmental satellite, data, and information service, supports, weather forecasting, severe storm tracking , and meteorology research.
soil-building Planted to improve the quality of the soil.
Erosion The process of eroding or being eroded by wind, water, or other natural agents.
Wind The perceptible natural movement of the air in the form of a current of air blowing from a particular direction.
Water A colorless, transparent, odorless, tasteless liquid that forms the seas, lakes , rivers and rain. Water is also the basis of fluids for living organisms.
Earthquake A sudden and violet shaking of the ground causing movement within earth's crust or volcanic action.
Volcano A mountain or hill, typically conical haring a crater or rent though which lava , rock fragments, hot vapor, and gas are being or have been erupted from the earth's crust.
Convergent Coming close together.
Divergent drawing apart from one another.
Transforming To change markedly the appearance or form of.
Subduction The sideways and downward movement of the edge of a plate of the earth's crust into mantle beneath another plate.
NATO A intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on April 4th 1949.
European Union An economic and political union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe.
United Nations An international organization composed of most of the countries of the world.
Berlin Wall A barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic starting on August 13th 1961, that completely cut off Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin.
Maquiladora A factory in Mexico run by a foreign company and exporting its produces to the country of that country.
Polder A piece of low-lying land reclaimed from the sea or a river and protected by dikes in the Netherlands.
Dam A barrier to obstruct the flow of water.
Canal An artificial waterway constructed to allow the passage of boats or ships inland or to convey water for irrigation.
Railroad A track or set of tracks made of steel rails along which passenger and freight train runs.
Highway a main road, one connecting major towns or cities.
Primary Where the money making activities of a society are mainly focused upon the growing and collecting of natural resources.
El Nino A band of anomalously warm ocean water temperatures that periodically develops off the western coast of South America and can cause climate changes across the Pacific ocean.
Irrigation The artificial application of water to the land or soil.
Cottage Industry A business or manufacturing activity carried on in a persons's home.
Commercial Industry An industry that deal with the commercial production and sale of goods and services.
Subsistence Farming Self-Sufficiency farming in which the farmers focus on growing enough food to feed themselves and their families.
Commercial Agriculture Large scale production of plants for sale intended for widespread distribution to wholesalers or retail outlets.
Transportation The action of transporting someone or something or the process of being transported.
Urbanization The condition of being urbanized.
Nationalism Patriotic feeling, principles, or efforts.
Bubonic Plague The most common form of plague in humans characterized by fever, delirium, and the formation of buboes.
Crusades A medieval military expedition, one of a series made by Europeans to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries.
Renaissance The period of European history at the close of the middle ages and the rise of the modern world; a cultural rebirth from the 14th through the middle of the 17th centuries.
Ocean currents The steady flow of surface ocean water in a prevailing direction.
Created by: xochilt