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Hilar pertaining to hilum (indentation in an organ).
Caliceal pertaining to the calyx.
Pelvic pertaining to the pelvis (hip bone).
Ureteral pertaining to the ureter.
Peristalsis Abnormal condition that contracts to move around.
Vesical pertaining to the bladder; fluid-filled sac
Urethral meatus an orifice or meatus of the urethra.
Spincter a muscular ring that relaxes when the bladder is full so that urine can flow into the urethra.
Prostatic pertaining to the prostate gland.
Glomerular networks of interwining capillaries.
Proximal convoluted tubule portion of the duct system of the nephron of the kidney which leads from Bowman's capsule to the loop of Henle.
Urination a process of urine.
Micturition a process of making urine.
Glomerulonephritis inflammation of the kidney glomerulus.
Hydronephrosis abnormal condition of the kidney fluid.
Nephrolithiasis state of a kidney stone.
Diabetic Nephropathy progressive damage to the glomeruli because of diabetes mellitus.
Nephroptosis Abnormally low position of a kidney.
Ascites a grossly enlarged, fluid-distended abdomen.
Polycystic kidney disease Hereditary disease characterized by cysts in the kidney that eventually destroy the nephrons.
Pyelonephritis inflammation and infection of the renal pelvis of the kidney.
Acute renal failure occurs suddenly and is usually due to trauma, severe blood loss, or overwhelming infection.
Chronic renal failure gradual worsening with progressive damage to the kidneys from chronic, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus.
Uremia condition of the blood in the urinary system.
Nephroblastoma malignant renal tumor of young children characterized by hypertension and blood in the urine and the presence of a palpable mass.
Interstitial Cystitis a chronic, progressive infection in which the bladder mucosa becomes extremely irritated and red, with bleeding.
Cystocele hernia of the bladder.
Neurogenic bladder Urinary retention due to a lack of innervation of the nerves of the bladder.
Urinary retention Inability to empty the bladder because of an obstruction.
Vesicovaginal fistula Formation of an abnormal passageway connecting the bladder to the vagina.
Epispadias Congenital condition in which the female urethral meatus is in an abnormal location near the clitoris.
Urethritis Inflammation or infection of the urethra.
Proteinuria major protein in the blood.
Anuria Absence of urine production by the kidneys because of acute or chronic, renal failure.
Bacteriuria Presence of bacteria in the urine.
Dysuria Difficult or painful urination.
Enuresis Involuntary release of urine in an otherwise normal person who should have a bladder control.
Glycosuria Glucose in the urine.
Hematuria Blood in the urine.
Incontinence Inability to keep urine in the bladder.
Ketonuria ketone bodies in the urine.
Nocturia increase frequency and urgency of urination during the night.
Oliguria Decreased production of urine due to kidney failure.
Polyuria Excessive production of urine due to diabetes mellitus or diabetes insipidus.
Pyuria White blood cells in the urine, indicating a urinary tract infection.
Blood urea nitrogen Test that measures the amount of urea.
Culture and Sensitivity Test that put urine onto culture medium in a Petri dish to identify the cause of a urinary tract infection.
Leukocyte esterase Test that detects esterase, an enzyme associated with leukocytes (white blood cells) and a urinary tract infection.
24-hour creatinine clearance Test that collects all urine for 24 hours to measure the total amount of creatinine "cleared" (excreted) by the kidneys.
Urinalysis Test that describes the urine and detects substances in it.
Specific gravity Measurement of the concentration of the urine as compared to that of water.
Acidic pertaining to acid.
Alkaline pertaining to a base.
Urinometer Instrument used to measure urine.
Intravenous pyelography Procedure that uses x-rays and radiopaque contrast dye.
Nephrotomography Procedure that uses a computerized axial tomography (CAT) scan and radiopaque contrast dye injects intravenously.
Renal angiography Procedure that uses x-rays and radiopaque contrast dye.
Renal scan Procedure that uses a radioactive isotope injected intravenously.
Voiding cystourethrography Procedure that uses x-rays and radioplaque contrast dye.
Catherization Procedure in which a catheter is inserted through the urethra and into the bladder to drain the urine.
Suprapubic catheter inserted through the abdominal wall and into the bladder.
Hemodialysis a shunt or a fistula to allow easy and reliable access to the blood.
Peritoneal Dialysis uses a permanent catheter inserted through the abdominal wall.
Cystoscopy Procedure that uses rigid of flexible cystoscope inserted through the urethra in order to examine the bladder.
Nephrectomy Procedure to surgically remove a diseased or cancerous kidney.
Lithotripsy Procedure that uses sound waves to break up a kidney stone.
Nephrolithotomy Procedure in which a small incision is made in the skin and an endoscope is inserted in a percutaneous approach into the kidney to remove a kidney stone.
Transurethral resection of a bladder tumor procedure to remove a bladder tumor from inside the bladder.
Diuretic pertaining to urine completely passing through.
Antispasmodic pertaining to against a spasm.
Urinary analgesic pertaining to sensation of no pain in the urinary system.
ARF acute renal failure
BUN blood urea nitrogen
cath catheterize or catheterization
C culture and sensitivity
CRF chronic renal failure
cysto cystoscopy
ESRD end-stage renal disease
ESWL extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
GU genitourinary; gonococcal urethritis
HCTZ hydrochlorothiazide (drug)
I intake and output
IVP intravenous pyelography
KUB kidneys, ureters, bladder
Sp gr, SG specific gravity
TNTC too numerous to count
UA urinalysis
UTI urinary tract infection
Created by: rkempf