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Medical Terms

Any terms in medical terminology

Ambulant, Ambulatory describes a person who is able to walk
Ascites abnormal accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
Adhesion a sticking together of structures that are normally separated
Peritoneum transparent membrane that lines the abdominopelvic cavity & enfolds the viscera
Viscera internal organs
Midsagittal Plane divides the body into EQUAL right and left halves
Sagittal Plane divides the body into right and left sides (not equal)
Frontal (Coronal) Plane divides the body into front and back portions
Transverse Plane divides the body into upper and lower portions (as a magician would saw a body in half)
Inferior lowermost or below
Superior uppermost or above
Proximal nearer the origin or point of attachment
Distal far or distant from the origin or point of attachment
Prone lying face down
Supine lying on the back
Pronation palm of the hand downward
Supination palm of hand upward (in supination one can carry soup)
Anterior nearer to or toward the front; ventral
Posterior near to or toward the back; dorsal; situated behind
Lateral toward the side; denoting a position farther from the mid line of the body or from a structure
Ventral belly side; same as anterior surface in humans
Dorsal directed toward or situated on the back side; same as posterior surface in humans
Medial, Median middle or nearer the middle
Cephalad toward the head
Caudad toward the tail; in an inferior direction in humans
Anatomical Position the position a person is in while standing erect with arms at the sides and the palms forward
Hyperplasia abnormal increase in the number of normal cells in tissue (excessive formation)
Hypertrophy an increase in the size of an organ caused by an increase in the size of existing cells
Recumbent lying down
Lateral Recumbent lying on one's side
Muscular System makes movement possible
Skeletal System provides protection; form and shape for the body, stores minerals and forms some blood cells
Cardiovascular System delivers oxygen, nutrients, and vital substances throughout the body; transports cellular waste products to the lungs and kidneys for excretion
Lymphatic System helps maintain the internal fluid environment; reduces some types of blood cells; regulates immunity
Respiratory System brings oxygen into the body and removes carbon dioxide and some water waste
Digestive System provides the body with water, nutrients, and minerals; removes solid wastes
Urinary System filters blood to remove wastes of cellular metabolism; maintains the electrolyte and fluid balance
Reproductive System facilitates procreation
Integumenary System provides external covering for protections; regulate the body temperature and water content
Nervous System coordinates the reception of stimuli; transmits messages to stimulate movement
Endocrine System secretes hormones and helps regulate body activities
RUQ Right Upper Quadrant
RLQ Right Lower Quadrant
LLQ Left Lower Quadrant
LUQ Left Upper Quadrant
Hematoma localized collection of blood (a bruise)
Homeostasis constant internal environment that is maintained by the body
Hemolysis destruction of red blood cells
Hemodialysis diffusing blood through a semipermeable membrane to remove toxic materials
Coagulation blood clotting when blood is removed from the body
Anticoagulant substance that prevents coagulation
Thrombosis formation of internal blood clots
Thrombocytes platelets
Erythrocytes red blood cells
Leukocytes white blood cells
Antigen substance tat is capable of inducing a specific immune response
Immunodeficiency Diseases caused by a defect in the immune system; characterized by a susceptibility to infections and chronic disease
Hypersensitivity excessive defense mechanism reaction to an antigen
Allergies body reacts with an exaggerated immune response to common, harmless substances, most of which are found in the environment
Antibodies the immune response brought about by an antigen
Susceptibility lack of resistance or protection from infectious organisms
Immunization process by which resistance to an infectious organisms
Active Immunity individual's own body produces an immune response to a harmful antigen
Passive Immunity immune agents response develop in another person or animal an then are transferred to an individual who was not previously immune (borrowed immunity, effective for short time)
Vaccination any injection or ingestion of inactivated or killed microbes or their products administered to induce immunity
Immunocompromised immune response that has been weakened by a disease or immunosuppressive agent (drugs, radiation)
Anaphylaxis exaggerated, life-threatening hypersensitivity reaction to a previously encountered antigen; insect stings and penicillin are two common causes
Benign favorable for recovery; not having a tendency to spread (not cancer)
Malignant tending to grow worse, to spread, and possibly become life threatening (cancer)
Metastasize, Metastasis spreading from one part of the body to another part (malignant cancer cells)
Bioterrorism use of pathogenic biological agents to cause terror in a population
Alimentation process of providing nutrition for the body
Ingestion oral intake of substances into the body
Digestion the mechanical and chemical conversion of food into substances that can eventually be absorbed by cells
Absorption process in which the digested food molecules pass through the lining of the lymph capillaries (takes place in small intestine)
Elimination removal of undigested food particles
Lactase enzyme that breaks down milk sugar
Lactose milk sugar
Protease enzyme that breaks down protein
Amylase enzyme that breaks down starch
Lipase enzyme that breaks down fat
Gingival pertaining to gums
Hypoglossal under the tongue
Orthodontics branch of dentistry concerned with tooth alignment and associated facial problems
Gastric Lavage washing out of the stomach
Gastralgia pain in the stomach
Gastroenterology study of the stomach, intestines, and associated structures
Gastroenterologist the physician who specializes in the stomach, intestines and associated structures
Ileocecal Valve a group of muscles that are located between the ileum and the cecum
Anus opening from the large intestine to the exterior
Proctologist physician who specializes in diseases of the anus and rectum as well as disorders of the colon
Endogastric pertaining to the interior lining of the stomach
Esophageal pertaining to the esophagus
Lingual pertaining to the tongue
Biliary pertaining to bile
Bile breaks down fats before absorption by the small intestine, produced by the liver
Cholecystic pertaining to the gallbladder
Insulin produced by the pancreas to regulate blood sugar
Bulimia a disorder that is characterized by episodes of binge eating and often terminates in self-induce vomiting
Cheilitis inflammation of the lip
Stomatitis inflammation of the mouth
Hypoglycemia abnormally low blood sugar
Hepatomegaly enlarged liver
Hyperemesis excessive vomiting
Hemorrhoids a mass of distended veins in the anal canal that lie just inside or outside the rectum
Cholecystitis inflammation of the gallbladder
Diabetes Mellitus high concentration of sugar in the blood and resulting from insufficient production of insulin
Ileostomy creation of surgical passage through the abdominal wall into the ileum
Dehydration output of body fluid exceeds fluid intake
Gingiva gums
Gastroenteritis inflammation of stomach and intestines
Endoscope the instrument used that consists of a tube and optical system used to inspect body organs (stomach, colon)
Cholelithiasis presence of gallstones
Dysphagia difficulty swallowing
Diverticulitis inflammation of a small sac or pouch in the intestinal tract
GI Series x-rays using contrast agents to evaluate the gastrointestinal tract
Cholecystectomy removal of gallbladder
Eupepsia normal digestion
Anorexiant drug that suppresses the appetite
Jaundice a condition causing yellowness of the skin, yellow in the whites of the eyes and mucus membranes...caused by liver disease
Cirrhosis chronic liver disease characterized by degeneration of the liver
Anorexia loss of appetite for food
Created by: koalas2013