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Combining Forms

Combining forms for medical terminology

Cardi/o heart
Crin/o to secrete
Dermat/o skin
Esthesi/o feeling/sensation
Gastr/o stomach
Enter/o intestines
Ger/a,Ger/o,Geront/o elderly
Gynec/o female
Immun/o immune
Ne/o new
Nat/o birth
Obstetr/o midwife
Neur/o nerve
Ophthalm/o eye
Orth/o straight
Ped/o child;sometimes foot
Onc/o tumor
Chir/o hand
Radi/o radiation; sometimes radius
Rheumat/o rheumatism
Rhin/o nose
Ot/o ear
Laryng/o voice box
Psych/o mind
Path/o disease
Ur/o urinary tract; sometimes urine
Aden/o gland
Angi/o vessel
Append/o, Appendic/o appendix
Bi/o life or living
Blephar/o eyelid
Cerebr/o brain
Encephal/o brain
Col/o colon (large intestines)
Cutane/o skin
Faci/o face
Hepat/o liver
Mamm/o, Mast/o breast
Muscul/o, my/o muscle
Myel/o bone marrow or spinal cord
Oste/o bone
Pulm/o, Pulmon/o lungs
Pneumon/o lungs
Pneum/o lungs; sometimes air or gas
Tonsill/o tonsil
Trache/o trachea (windpipe)
Vas/o vessel; ductus deferens
Adip/o, Lip/o fat
Amyl/o starch
Glyc/o sugar
Hemat/o blood
Lact/o milk
Lith/o stone
Muc/o mucus
Prote/o, Protein/o protein
Pyr/o fire
Alb/o, Albin/o, Leuk/o, Leuc/o white
Chlor/o green
Cyan/o blue
Erythr/o red
Melan/o black
Xanth/o yellow
Cyt/o cell
Gen/o beginning; origin; genes
Gram/o record
Kinesi/o movement
Phag/o eat; ingest; swallowing
Aer/o air
Blast/o embryonic form
Cephal/o head
Cry/o cold
Crypt/o hidden
Dips/o thirst
Fibr/o fiber
Hist/o tissue
Myc/o fungus
Narc/o stupor
Necr/o death
Phon/o voice
Phot/o light
Py/o pus
Optic/o, Opt/o vision
Therm/o heat
Top/o position; place
Ech/o, Son/o sound
Fluor/o emitting/reflecting light
Tom/o to cut
Pharmac/o, Pharmaceuti/o drugs; medicine
Algesi/o sensitivity to pain
Chem/o chemical
Therapeut/o treatment
Toxic/o, Tox/o poison
Home/o sameness
Anter/o anterior; toward the front
Later/o toward the side; farther from the mid line of the body structure
Medi/o middle; nearer the middle
Ventr/o belly side
Poster/o toward the back; situated behind
Dors/o directed toward; situated behind on the backside
Super/o excessive; above
Infer/o lowermost; below
Proxim/o nearer the origin or point of attachment
Dist/o far; distant from the origin or point of attachment
Caud/o tail; in a posterior direction
Tel/e distant
Thorac/o chest
Periton/o membrane that lines the abdominal cavity
Abdomin/o abdomen
Crani/o skull
Pelv/i pelvis
Spin/o spine
Arc/o extremities (arms/legs)
Cyst/o bladder; sac
Dactyl/o digit (toe/finger/both)
Lapar/o abdominal wall
Omphal/o naval; umbilicus
Onych/o nail
Femor/o thigh bone
Inguin/o groin
Spermat/o sperm
Umbilic/o naval
Hidr/o perspiration
Hydr/o water
Sial/o saliva; saliva gland
Lacrim/o, Dacry/o tear; tearing; cry
Coagul/o blood clotting
Ankyl/o stiff
Arthr/o, Articul/o articulation, joint
Burs/o sacs of fluid located in areas of friction, especially in the joints
Calcane/o heel bone (calcaneus)
Carp/o wrist (carpus)
Cellul/o little cell or compartment
Cervic/o neck
Chondr/o cartilage
Clavicul/o collarbone (clavicle)
Coccyg/o tailbone (coccyx)
Cost/o rib (costae)
Crani/o skull (cranium)
Femor/o thigh bone (femur)
Fibul/o the smaller or the two lower leg bones (fibula)
Humer/o the upper arm bone (humerus)
Ili/o the uppermost and widest of the 3 bones that make up each half of the pelvis (ilium)
Ischi/o the lowest of the 3 major bones that make up each of half of the pelvis (ischium)
Lumb/o lower back
Metacarp/o bones of the hand (metacarpals)
Metatars/o bones of the feet (metatarsals)
Patell/o kneecap (patella)
Pelv/i the skeletal section between the abdomen and thighs (pelvis)
Phalang/o bones of the fingers or toes (phalanges: plural, phalanx: singular)
Pub/o one of the tree sections of the hipbone (pubis)
Rachi/o, spin/o spine
Radi/o one of the two large bones of the forearm; in line with thumb (radius)
Sacr/o lower portion of the spine; between lumbar and tailbone (sacrum)
Scapul/o shoulder blade (scapula)
Skelet/o skeleton
Spondyl/o vertebra
Stern/o breastbone (sternum)
Tars/o ankle bones (tarsals)
Ten/o, Tend/o, Tendin/o tendon
Tibi/o shin bone (tibia)
Uln/o one of the two long bones in the forearm; in line with pinkie (ulna)
Adenoid/o pharyngeal tonsils; resembling gland
Ventricul/o little belly; cavity; ventricle
Viscer/o internal organs
Venul/o small vein
Ven/o vein
Vascul/o vessel
Thromb/o clot (thrombus)
Tens/o pressure
Sten/o narrowness; constriction
Splen/o spleen
Sept/o wall; partition
Scler/o hardening
Phleb/o vein
Pharyng/o throat
Lymph/o, Lymphat/o lymphatics
Isch/o deficiency; blockage
Embol/o material that travels through blood vessel (embolus)
Coron/o encircling in the manner of a crown
Ather/o yellow fatty plaque
Arteriol/o small artery (arteriole)
Aort/o largest artery in the body (aorta)
Urin/o urine/urination
Albumin/o a type of protein
Ureter/o tube through which urine passes from each kidney
Urethr/o tubular passage by which urine is discharged from the bladder to the outside
Ren/o, Nephr/o kidney
Pyel/o renal pelvis; funnel-shaped structure located in the center of each kidney; collects urine
Glomerul/o the cluster of blood vessels that acts as the filtering structure of the kidney
Corpor/o body
Olig/o few scanty
Prostat/o male reproductive gland (prostate)
An/o anus
Bil/i digestive juice that aids digestion of fats
Cec/o blind pouch at beginning of large intestine (cecum)
Cheil/o lips
Chol/e gall or bile
Cholecyst/o gallbladder
Choledoch/o common bile duct
Cirrh/o orange-yellow
Dent/I, Dent/o teeth
Diverticul/o small sac or pouch in wall of large organs (diverticulum)
Duoden/o first division of small intestine (duodenum)
Esophag/o tube that carries food to stomach (esophagus)
Gingiv/o gums
Gloss/o tongue
Hemorrhoid/o enlarged veins in anus (hemorrhoid)
Ile/o third division of small intestine (ileum)
Insulin/o hormone produced by pancreas (insulin)
Intesin/o intestines
Jejun/o second division of small intestine (jejunum)
Lapar/o abdominal wall
Lingu/o tongue
Mandibul/o lower jaw (mandible)
Odont/o teeth
Or/o mouth
Pancreat/o secretes digestive enzymes & hormones (pancreas)
Proct/o anus, rectum
Rect/o rectum
Sial/o saliva, salivary gland
Sigmoid/o s-shaped portion of large intestine (sigmoid colon)
Stomat/o mouth
Vag/o vagus nerve
Viscer/o large internal organs within abdominal cavity
Alveol/o one of a cluster of small air sacs at the end of a bronchiole (alveolus)
Atel/o imperfect
Bronch/o tubes that branch right and left off the trachea (bronchus)
Bronchi/o tubes that branch right and left off the trachea (bronchus)
Bronchiol/o small tubes that branch off from the bronchi (bronchiole)
Coni/o dust
Epiglott/o lid like structure that covers the larynx during swallowing (epiglottis)
Lob/o lobe
Ox/o oxygen
Phren/o diaphragm, mind
Pleur/o membrane that surrounds each lung and lines the walls of the chest cavity
Silic/o dust of stone, sand quartz, or flint that contains silica
Spir/o to breathe
Adip/o fat
Axill/o armpit
Bacter/i, Bacteri/o bacteria
Erythemat/o redness
Follicul/o follicle
Ichthy/o fish
Kerat/o horny
Lip/o fat
Onych/o nail
Pil/o hair
Seb/o sebum
Seps/o infection
Sept/o infection
Trich/o hair
Ungu/o nail
Xer/o dry
Created by: koalas2013