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1896 United States v. Gettysburg Electric Railway Co. - The first significant legal case concerning historic preservation. The U.S. Supreme Court rules that the acquisition of the national battlefield at Gettysburg served a valid public purpose
1906 Antiquities Act - First law to institute federal protection for preserving archaeological sites. Provided for designation as National Monuments areas already in the public domain that contained "historic landmarks, historic and prehistoric structures, and
1931 Charleston, SC - adopted an ordinance designating an “old and historic district” and created an architectural review board to administer it. It forbid the alteration of any structure which could be seen by the general public.
1935 The Historic Sites, Buildings and Antiquities Act - a predecessor of the National Historic Preservation Act, passed. Requires the Secretary of the Interior to identify, acquire, and restore qualifying historic sites and properties and calls upon federal a
1949 The National Trust for Historic Preservation
1966 National Historic Preservation Act - Establishes the National Register of Historic Places and provides, through its Section 106, for the protection of preservation-worthy sites and properties threatened by federal activities. This act also creates the nat
1976 Historic Preservation Fund established
1977 Community Reinvestment Act -
1991 ISTEA, Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act - (ISTEA) includes provisions for a National Scenic Byways Program and for transportation enhancements, each of which includes a historic preservation component.
The first National Historic Landmark the Sergeant Floyd grave/monument in Sioux City, IA. It, with 90 others, were designated on June 30, 1960
How many National Historic Landmarks are there There are just under 2500 National Historic Landmarks
How is A National Natural Landmark designated designated by the United States government to sites of particular interest to the natural history of the area
Designations under the National Natural Landmark program must have what? landowner concurrence; there is no law protecting the sites
National Natural Landmark status automatically extinguishes if what occurs the property transfers ownership
The National Natural Landmark program began in 1962
1954 Berman v Parker - upholds right of Washington, D.C. Redevelopment Land Agency to condemn properties that are unsightly, though nondeteriorated, if required to achieve objectives of duly established area redevelopment plan
1978 Penn Central Transportation Co. v. City of New York Establishment of historic districts to promote the public welfare has been upheld in courts
Zoning for historic preservation purposes Zoning for historic preservation purposes has been upheld in courts
Adaptive Reuse the process of adapting old structures for new purposes.
Fee simple acquisition a landowner sells their rights, title and interest in the property to the buyer, who then owns and manages the land.
Historic District Commissions (design review boards) (blank)
Historic Districts (blank)
Historic Preservation Ordinance (blank)
Historic Preservation Tax Credit Under the provisions of the Tax Reform Act of 1986, a 20% tax credit is available for the substantial rehabilitation of commercial, agricultural, industrial, or rental residential buildings that are certified as historic. The credit may be subtracted dire
Landmark Preservation (blank)
Preservation Easements voluntary legal agreement that protects a significant historic, archaeological, or cultural resource. An easement provides assurance to the owner of a historic or cultural property that the property's intrinsic values will be preserved through subsequent
Transfer of development Rights (TDR) help redirect development away from the sites of historic buildings and are useful in protecting certain historic buildings in perpetuity
What is a National Historic Landmark a building, district, site, object, or structure designated by the United States government for its historical significance.
Created by: ashleybrook