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Medical Terminology composed of several word parts; refers to how professionals in the medical field speak to each other.
word root main meaning
combining forms word rood + vowel ex: gast/o, enter/o, cardi/o
combining vowels links word root to the next word part
suffixes word parts that are at the end of the word such as pathological(disease) conditions Diagnostic, surgical procedures, pertaining to, produced by and resembling; ex: cardi/o + megaly=cardiomegaly (enlarged heart)
adip fat
arti/o artery
arthr/o joint
axil/o armpit
blephar/o eyelid
cardi/o heart
cephal/o head
cerebr/o brain
cervic/p neck
cholecyst/o gallbladder
col/o large intestine
cost/o rib
crani/o skull
cyst/o urinary bladder
cyt/o cell
derm/o skin
enter/o small intestines
esophagus/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
hem/o blood
hepat/o liver
ren/o or nephr/o kidneys
lapar/o abdominal wall
laryng/o voice box
myel/o spinal cord
nas/o or rhino nose
neur/o nerves
ophthalm/o eye
or/o or stomat/o mouth
oste/o bone
ot/o ear
pancreat/o pancreas
pharyng/o throat
pneum/o lung
splen/o spleen
thorac/0 chest
thyroid/o thyroid
trache/o windpipe, trachea
ven/o vein
vertebr/o vertebra
-ac,-al, -ar, -ary -eal, -iac, -ic, -ical, -ose, -ous, -tic pertaining to
-algia pain
-centesis surgical puncture
-cide to kill, destroy
-cyte cell
-ectomy removal/surgical
-emia blood
-gram record
-graph record
-graphy an instrument used to record
-ia condition, esp. an abdominal state
-ism condition
-itis inflammation
-lithiasis presence of or formation of stones
-logy study ex:cardiology study of the heart
megaly enlargement ex: hepatomegaly (enlargement of the liver)
-oid resembling
-oma tumor
-ontomy surgical incision
-pathy disease ex:encephailopathy disease of the brain
-plasty surgical or plastic repair ex: rhinoplasty plastic surgery of the nose
-plegia paralysis ex hemiplegia paralysis of one side of the body
-pnea breathing, respiration ex: apena
-rrhea drainage, flow, discharge ex:rhinorrhea drainage of the nose
-scope instrument used to view ex: otoscope instrument used to examine the ear-sta
-scopy examination using a scope ex:simiodoscopy examination of the sigmoid colon using a scope
-stasis stoppage; controlling, standing ex: venostasis stoppage of blood
-stomy surgically create an artificial mouth or stoma (opening) ex: colonstomy surgical opening into the colon to create a stoma
Common Prefixes a-/an- w/o, not, absence of ex anuria absence of urine formation
anti- against ex; antibiotics substance that inhibits growth of or destroys microorganisms
auto- self ex autoimmune disease that results in immune response to one own body
bi- two/double
brady slow ex bradycardia-slow heart rate
dys bad, difficult, painful, abnormal ex:dyspnea difficulty breathing
epi- over, above, upon ex epigastric over the stomach
eu- good, normal ex:eupnea normal breathing
hemi- half ex hemiplegia paralysis of one side of the body
hyper- above excessive ex hypertension high blood pressure
hypo- low ex hypotension low blood pressure
inter- between ex intercostal between the ribs
multi- many ex multinodal having many nodes or knots
non- not nontoxic not toxic
peri- around ex perianal around the anus
poly- many, much ex polyuria excretion of large amounts of urine
post- after, behind postoperative following surgical procedure
pre- before in front ex preoperative before surgical procedure
pseudo- false ex pseudohematuria red pigment in the urine that makes the urine "falsey" appear to have blood in it
quadri- four ex quadplegia paralysis of all four extremities
semi half ex semipermeable half permeable-a membrane that allows fluids but not the dissolved substance to pass through
sub- under, below ex susternal below the sternum
supra- above, over suprapubic above the pubic area
tachy- fast rapid ex tachycaria rapid heart rate
tri- three ex trichotomy division into 3 parts
ad lib freely; at will, as necessary
a.c. before a meal
asap as soon as possible
b.i.d. twice a day
bm bowel movement
bp blood pressure
- c with
CDC center for diseases control and prevention
c/o C/O complains of
h hour
H20 water
HTN hypertension
I&O intake and output
lab laboratory
NPO nothing by mouth
N&V nausea and vomitting
O2 oxygen
- p after
p.c. after meals
p pulse
PO, p.o. by mouth
p.r.n. as needed
q.h. qh every for hours
qid QID, qid four times a day
R respiration
- s without
stat immediately
T temperature
tid, t.i.d. TID three times a day
TPR temperature, pulse and respiration
Tx traction or treatment
URI urinary tract infection
VS, vs vital signs
wt weight
x multiplied by times
Created by: 100000296951062