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Body System

Appendix 1

angi/o vessel
aort/0 aorta
arteri/o artery
arteriol/o arteriole
cardi/o heart
coron/o heart
phleb/o vein
ven/o vein
venul/o venule
atherosclerosis hardening of arteries with a collection cholesterol-like plaque
hypertension high blood pressure
myocardial infarction Heart attack an infarct is an area of dead tissue
angiography recording (via x-ray images) blood vessels after the injection of contrast into the bloodstream.
echocardiography producing images of the heart via sound waves or echoes
electrocardiography recording electricity flowing through the heart
endarterectomy surgical removal of the innermost lining of an artery to remove fatty deposits and clots
percutaneous coronary intervention A balloon-tipped catheter is threaded into a coronary artery to compress fatty deposits and open the artery ( AKA balloon angioplasty)
thrombolytic therapy drugs are injected into a patients bloodstream to dissolve clots that may cause a heart attack
ACS acute coronary syndrome
ACS disease changes in coronary arteries leading to plaque/clot formation and heart attack or other heart problems
BP Blood pressure
CABG coronary artery bypass grafting
CABG surgery to replace clogged arteries supply blood to the heart muscle
CAD coronary artery disease
CHF congestive heart failure
CHF heart is unable to pump its required amount of blood
an/o anus
append/o appendix
appendic/o appendix
cholecyst/o gallbladder
ECG electrocardiography
ECHO echocardiography
HDL high-density lipoprotein
HTN hypertesion
LDL low-density lipoprotein
ECG electrical record of the heart
ECHO ultrasound record of the heart
HDL lipoprotein carrying "good" cholestrol
LDL lipoprotein carrying "bad" cholestrol
col/o colon
colon/o colon
duoden/o doudenum (1st part of the small intestine)
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
hepat/o liver
ile/o ileum (3rd part of the small intestine)
jejun/o jejunum (2nd part of the small intestine)
or/o mouth
pancreat/o pancreas
pharyng/o pharynx
pract/o anus and rectum
rect/o rectum
-cele suffix meaning hernia and protrusion
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon (s-shape lower portion of the colon)
stomat/o mouth
cholelithiasis abnormal condition of gallstones
chole/o gall
lith/o stone
-iasis pathological condition
diverticulosis abnormal condition of small pouches or sacs (diverticula) in the wall of the intestine (often the colon)
gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) a condition in which content of the stomach flow back into the esophagus
hepatitis inflammation of the liver
hepatocellular carcinoma cancer (primary) of the liver - hepatoma
abdominal ultrasonography proces of beaming sound waves into the abdomen to produce images of organs such as the gallbladder
cholangiography x-ray examination of the bile ducts after the injection of contrast material
cholangi/o bile ducts
gastrointestinal endoscopy visual examination of the gastrointestinal tract with an endoscope
colostomy surgical creation of a new opening of the colon to the outside of the body
ileostomy surgical creation of a new opening of the ileum to the outside of the body
laparoscopic surgery removal of organs or tissue via a laparoscope
ALT,AST alanine transaminase and aspartate transaminase
ERCP endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease - reflux esophagitis
GI gastrointestinal - stomach and intestines
IBD inflammatory bowel disease -crohn disease and ulcerative colitis
IBS irritable bowel syndrome
LFTs Liver function tests -ALT,AST,billrubin
NPO Nothing by the Mouth -nil per as
TPN total parenteral nutrition -intravenous solutions are given to maintain nutrition
adren/o adrenal gland (located above the kidney)
adrenal/o adrenal gland (located above the kidney)
hypophys/o pituitary gland
oophor/o ovary
ovari/o ovary
orch/o testis
orchi/o testis
-pexy suffix meaning surgical fixation
orchid/o testis
pancreat/o pancreas
parathyroid/o parathyroid gland (located behind the thyroid)
pituitar/o pituitary gland
thym/o thymus gland (located in the middle of the chest)
thyroaden/o thyroid gland (located in the neck)
thyroid/o thyroid gland
acromegaly enlargement of extremities caused by hypersecretion from the anterior portion of the pituitary gland after pubery
acr/o extremeties
hyperthyroidism overactivity of the thyroid gland; also called Graves disease
exophthalmometry measurement of the eyeball protrusion (exophthalmos) as an indicator of Graves disease
DM diabetes mellitus -type 1 ad type 2 are forms of disease
GTT glucosse tolerance test -measures the ability to respond to a glucose load; test for diabetes mellitus
K+ potassium
Na+ sodium
TSH Thyroid-stimulating hormone -pituitary hormone that stimulates the thyroid gland
Created by: rvikki