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Urinary System

Nephr/o OR ren/o Kidney(s)
The kidneys are located on each side of the spinal column in the Flank OR retroperitoneal region
The kidneys are bilateral organs responsible for: 1.)removing Nitrogenous(N)wastes from the blood 2.)Regulating fluid(H2O)balance AND Blood Pressure(BP) 3.)Maintaining pH balance (pH=acid alkaline) 4.)Hemopoiesis (hematopoiesis)=Formation and creation
Examples of Nitrogenous(N) waste include: 1.)Urea( I just met a girl named urea) 2.)Uric acid 3.)Creatinine
The kidneys regulate water balance in the body by regulating the Salts
The salts of the body are called Electrolytes("lytes")
Electrolytes("Lytes")include: 1.)sodium(Na) 2.)Potassium(K) 3.)Chloride(CL)
Remember-where salt goes,water(H2O)follows which means If you retain salt(Na)you will retain water(H2O)
Excess fluid can be referred to as Edema(edematous)
Nephron A kidney cell
Nephritis Inflammation of a kidney
Nephrectomy Surgical removal of a kidney
Nephromegaly Enlargement of a kidney
Nephroptosis Drooping or sagging(prolapse)of a kidney
Nephroma Tumor or mass of a kidney
Hydronephrosis Abnormal condition of excess water(fluid)in a kidney
Nephrohypertropy Excessive growth OR developement of a kidney
Nephrolithiasis Abnormal condition of (a)kidney stone(s)
A stone is AKA Calculus<--(singular)
Stones are called Calculi<---(plural)
Nephrogram A record (X-ray) of a kidney
Nephrography The process of recording(X-ray)a kidney
Nephrosonography The process of recording a kidney using sound waves
Nephrostomy An artificial opening into a kidney
Nephropexy Surgical fixation of a kidney
Nephrotomography The process of recording X-ray picture slices of a kidney
Nephroscopy The process of veiwing a kidney with a lighted instrument
Renal Pertaining to a kidney
Infra Below
Infrarenal Pertaining to below a kidney
Renal biopsy(Bx) Cytology test of a kidney sample
Renogram A record of a kidney using injectable radioactive contast material
Radioactive Diagnostic Imaging(DI)is performed in Nuclear medicine
Renal transplant(transplantation) Surgical implantation of a donor kidney to replace nonfunctioning kidneys
Ureter/o Ureter(s)
The ureters are Bilateral tubes(vessls,ducts)that carry urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder(two "e"s two tubes)
Ureteritis Inflammation of a ureter
Ureterostenosis Narrowing(stricture) of a ureter
Ureterotomy Surgical incision of a ureter
Ureterectomy Excision of a ureter
Ureterolithiasis Abnormal condition of stone(s) in the ureter
Ureterocele Hernation of a ureter
Ureterogram A record(X-ray) of a ureter
Ureterostomy An artificial opening into a ureter
Cyst/o OR vesic/o Urinary bladder
The urinary bladder is An elastic sac that acts as a reservoir(storage container)for urine
Cystitis Inflammation of the urinary bladder
Cystectomy Excision of the urinary bladder
Cystolithiasis OR vesicolithiasis An abnormal condition of a stone(s)in the urinary bladder
Cystocele OR vesicocele Herniation of the urinary bladder
Cystotomy OR vesicotomy Surgical incision of the urinary bladder
Cystouteterogram OR vesicoureterogram A record(X-ray)of the urinary bladder AND ureter
Cystolithotomy OR vesicolithotomy Surgical incision of the urinary bladder to remove a stone(s)
Cystolithectomy Surgical removal of a stone(s)in the urinary bladder
Vesicoureteral reflux(VUR) Backward flow(reflux) of the urine from the urinary bladder into a ureter
Cystorrhaphy Suturing the urinary bladder
Cystostomy OR vesicostomy An artificial opening into the urinary bladder
Cystogram A record (X-ray) of the urinary bladder
Cystography The process of recording (X-ray) the urinary bladder
Cystoscope a lighted instrument to veiw the urinary bladder
Cystoscopy The process of veiwing the urinary bladder with a lighted instrument
Pyel/o Renal pelvis
A renal pelvis is where A ureter connects to a kidney
Pyelitis Imflammation of a renal pelvis
Pyelonephritis Imflammation of a renal pelvis AND a kidney
Intravenous Pyelogram(IVP)OR Intravenous Urogram(IVU) A record(X-ray)of the renal pelves after IntraVenous(IV)injection of a radiopaque(contast)dye
Pyelolithotomy Surgical incision of a renal pelvis to remove a stone(s)
Pyelolithectomy Surgical removal of a stone in a renal pelvis
Pyeloplasty Surgical repair of a renal pelvis
Pyelostomy An artificial opening into a renal pelvis
Cystopyelogram A record(X-ray)of the urinary bladder AND renal pelvis
Cystopyelography The process of recording(X-ray)the urinary bladder AND renal pelvis
Urethr/o Urethra
The female urethra is the Vessel(duct,tube)that carries urine from the urinary bladder to the urethral(urinary)meatus(os,orifice)(one E one tube)
Urethrocystitis Inflammation of the urethra AND urinary bladder
Urthropexy Surgical fixation of the urethra
Urethroplasty Surgical repair of the urethra
Urethrotomy Surgical incision of the urethra
Urethroscope A lighted instrument to veiw the urethra
Urethrometer An instrument to measure the urethra
Urethrostomy An artificial opening into the urethra
Cystourethrogram A record(X-ray)of the urinary bladder AND the urethra
Azot/o Nitrogen(N)
Azotemia(azotemic) A blood condition of excissive Nitrogenous(N)waste AKA Uremia (uremic)
Urin/o OR ur/o Urine
Urine Fluidic waste produced by the kidneys
UrinAlysis(UA) A chemical analysis of urine
Urologist A specialist in the study of the urinary system AND the male reproductive system
Urinal A calibrated receptacle(container)for urine
Calibrated (calibration)refers to a Method of measurement
-Uria Urine OR urination
Nocturia A condition of chronic(persistent)night urination
Dysuria(dysuric) A condition of painful or difficult urination
Anuria(anuric) A condition of no urine production
Hematuria A condition of blood in the urine
Bacteriuria(bacteriuric) A condition of bacteria in the urine
Oliguria (oliguric) A condition of scanty(deficient)urine
Pyuria A condition of pus in the urine
Pus primarily consists of Necrosed leukocytes(WBCs)
Glycosuria(glycosuric) A condition of glucose(sugar) in the urine
Ketonuria OR ketones A condition of ketones(acetones)in the urine
Albuminuria OR proteinuria A condition of albumin (protein)in the urine
Urinate OR urination The act of discharging (releasing)urine AKA void(ing)OR micturition(micturate)
Urinary frequency The urge to void at frequent intervals
Urinary hesitancy Involuntary delay in intiating(starting)micturition
Urinary retention Accumulation of urine in the urinary bladde due to the inability to uinate
Urinary urgency An unusually sudden urge to void
Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy(ESWL) Crushing stone(s)using sound waves from outside the body
Diuresis(diuretic) Increased secretion of urine AKA polyuria
Lithotrite Instrument used to crush a stone in the urinary bladder
Fulguration Destruction of tissue with an electric spark(cauterization)
Urinary catheter(cath) Flexible tube-like device for withdrawing AND installing fluids
Indwelling(retention)urinary catheter A urinary catheter that remains within the Patient(PT)
Foley A manufacturer of urinary catheters
CBI Continuous Bladder Irrigation
The solution commonly used for continuous Bladder Irrigation(CBI)is Normal Saline Solution(NSS)
Straight OR non-retention catheter A urinary catheter that is inserted to obtain a specimen OR to empty the urinary bladder AND then removed
Residual urine Urine that remains in the urinary bladder after voiding
Distended(distention) Stretched out
Involunary urinaion AKA Urinary incontinence
Hemodialysis(HD) Artificial removal of toxins(poisons)from the blood
Another type of dialysis is Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis(CAPD)
Hypokalemia(hypokalemic) A blood condition of deficient potassium(K)
HperNatremia(hpernatremic) A blood condition of excessive sodium(Na)
Stricture Abnormal narrowing(stenosis)
Clean catch(midstream)urine sample A technique used to obtain an uncontaminated urine sample
BUN Blood Urea Nitrogen
A Blood Urea Nitrogen(BUN)is a BLOOD TEST for kidney function
KUB A NON RADIOPAQUE X-ray of the kidneys,ureters,AND urinary bladder
VCUG Voiding CystoUrethrogram
UTI Urinary Tract Infection
NaCI Sodium chloride(table salt)
KCI Potassium chloride
GU Genitourinary
pH A measure of acidity OR alkalinity
Gravid/o OR cyes/o OR cyes/i Pregnancy AKA gestation
Pregnancy(gestation)is the development of a fertilized Ovum
Cyesis Pregnancy(gestation)
Cyesiology The study of pregnancy(gestation)
Pseudocyesis False pregnancy(gestation)
Salpingocyesis Pregnancy(gestation)occuring in a fallopian tube AKA tubal pregnancy
Amni/o OR amnion/o Amnion
The amnion is the Membranous sac that surrounds the embryo/fetus
Amniocentesis Surgical puncture of the amnion
An amniocentesis is usually performed after 14 weeks of gestation(pregnancy)
Amniotic fluid will be aspirated AND tested to detect Genetic anomalies(abnormalities)
Amnioscope A usually lighted instrument used to view the amnion
Amnioscopy The process of using a lighted instrument to veiw the amnion
Amnionitis Inflammation of the amnion
Amniorrhea Flow(discharge)of amniotic fluid
Amniorrhexis Rupture of the amnion
The layperson would say that their "water broke"
Amniotomy Surgical incision of the amnion
The layperson would say that the doctor "broke my water"
An amniotomy is performed to Induce(initiate)labor
Fet/o Fetus
Fetal Pertaining to a fetus
Fetogram A record of a fetus AKA sonogram
Fetometry The process of measuring a fetus
Nat/o Birth AKA parturition
Natal Pertaining to birth(parturition)
Prenatal Pertaining to before birth(parturition)
Postnatal Pertaining to after birth(parturition)
Neonatal Pertaining to a New Born (NB)AKA neonate(1st four weeks)
Par/o OR part/o birth(s)
Para Number of births
Para III Three births
Primiparous Pertaining to the first birth
Multiparous(multip) Pertaining to more then one birth
Nulliparous Pertaining to no births
Antepartum Pertaining to before birth
Intrapartum Pertaining to within (during)labor AND birth
Postpartum Pertaining to after birth
Omphal/o(willy wonka) Umbilical cord
The umbilical cord connects the embryo/fetus to the Placenta
The layperson calls the placenta the "afterbirth"
The placenta is the Connection between the embryonic/fetal blood AND maternal (mother)blood
Omphalitis Imflammation of the umbilical cord
Omphalocele Congenital herniation of the abdominal contents through the umbilical cord
Congenital Acquired during pregnancy(gestation)
Lact/o Milk
Lactic pertaining to milk
Lactogenic Pertaining to production of milk(lactation)
Viable(viability) The ability of a fetus to live outside of the uterus
Dystocia A condition of difficult labor OR delivery(parturition)
Embryotocia Delivery (parturition)of an embryo AKA "spontanous abortion"OR miscarriage
Abortion Termination of pregnancy(gestation)
Abruptio placentae(placental abruption) Permature separation of the placenta from the uterine wall
Placenta previa Abnormally low implantation of the placenta on the uterine wall
Cleft lip(labia)AND/OR cleft palate Congenital split of a lip(labia)AND/OR roof of the oral cavity(palate)
A cleft is a Fissure,crack OR groove
Palatoplasty Surgical repair of a palate
Labioplasty Surgical repair of a lip(labia)
Embryogenic Pertaining to creation of an embryo
Embryoid Resembling a embryo
Embryologist A specialist in the study of embryos
Gravida Number of pregnancies
Gravida III para II means Three pregnancies AND two births
Gravida II para III means Two pregnancies AND three births
Gravida II para III indicates Twins OR triplets
Identical twins ONe fertilzed ovum(egg)spilts AND the genetic material (DNA)is shared
Fraternal twins Ovulation of two ova(eggs)which are fertilized
Ovulation Expulsion of am ovum(egg)from an ovary
Primigravida First pregnancy(gestation)
Multigravida More then one pregnancy(gestation)
Nulligravida No pregnancies
Gravidopuerperal Pertaining to pregnancy (gestation)AND immediately after birth(parturition)
Effacement Shortening,thinning AND stretching of the vagina during labor
Ectopic pregnancy Pregnancy(gestation)occuring outside of the uterus
Pelvimetry The process of measuring the pelvis
Breech birth A malpresentation (malposition)where the fetus is not in a head first (cephalic)position
Vertex presentation(optimal) The occipal(back) portion of the fetal head leads the way during parturition AKA Right OccipitoAnterior(ROA)AND Left OccipitoAnterior(LOA)
Lochia Vaginal discharge after birth (parturition)
Meconium(macaronium) First stool(black)of the neonate
Obstetrics(OB) Medical specialty dealing with gestation AND puerperium
Puerperium Period of time covering six weeks after birth(parturition)
Infant The offspring from the 5th week to 1 year
Premature infant Neonate(newborn)before 37 weeks of gestation(pregnancy)
Isolette A transparent container where premature neonates(newborns)are placed to receive warmth AND O2(oxygen)AKA an incubator
Apgar score An evaluation of a neonate's extrauterine ability at 1 minute AND 5 minutes after birht AND includes:Heart Rate(HR)respiratory effort,muscle tone,reflexs,AND color
C/S OR C-section Cesarean Section
A C-section(C/S)is Delivery of the offspring through an abdominopelvic incision
EDD Estimated Date of Delivery AKA the "due date"
RDS Respiratory distress Syndrome
NICU Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
IVF In Vitro Fertilization
In Vitro Fertilization(IVF)refers to ova fertilized outside of the body AND artificially inseminated
L+D Labor and Delivery
Chorionic Villus Sampling A Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS)is a test to detect fetal genetic abnormalities(anomalies)
HCG OR hCG Human Chorionic Gonadotropin
Human Chorionic Gonadotropin(HCG) is a Hormone that can be detected in the serum OR urine of a pregnant woman
EPT Early Pregnancy Test(detects HCG)
IUGR IntraUterine Growth Rate
R/O Rule Out(vaginal bleeding R/O embryotocia)
FEKG Fetal Electrocardiogram
FHR Fetal Heart Rate
FHT Fetal Heart Tone
Fetal Electrocardiogram (FEKG)Fetal Heart rate(FHR)AND Fetal Heart Tone (FHT) all refers to Fetal monitoring
Created by: BLM1095