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chapter 7

cardiovascular system

aneurysm abnormal weakening of a vessel wall with outpouching beyond the normal confines of the vessel
angioplasty surgical or percutaneous procedures in a vessel to dilate the vessel opening; used in the treatment of atherosclerotic disease
antrotomy cutting through the antrum wall to make an opening in the sinus
arteriovenous fistula direct communication (passage) between an artery and vein
artery vessel that generally caries oxygenated blood from the heart to body tissues (pulmonary artery carries UN-oxygenated blood)
atrium chamber in the upper part of the heart
bypass to go around
cardiopulmonary refer to the heart and lungs
cardiopulmonary bypass blood bypasses the heart through a heart-lung machine during open-heart surgery
cardioverter-defibrillator surgically placed device that directs and electric current shock to the heart to restore rhythm
component part
dual-chamber pacemaker the electrodes of the pacemaker are placed in both the atria and the ventricles of the heart
electrode lead attached to a generator that carries the electric current from the generator to the atria of ventricles
electrophysiology the study of the electrical system of the heart, including the study of arrhythmias
embolectomy removal of blockage (embolism) from vessels
embolism blockage of a blood vessel by a blood clot or other matter that has moved from another area of the body through the circulatory system
endarterectomy incision into an artery to remove the inner lining so as to eliminate disease or blockage
epicardial over the heart
false aneurysm sac of clotted blood that has completely destroyed the vessel and is being contained by the tissue that surrounds the vessel
fistula abnormal opening from one area to another area or to the outside of the body
intracardiac inside the heart
invasive entering the body,breaking the skin
noninvasive not entering the body, not breaking the skin
nuclear cardiology diagnostic specialty that uses radiologic procedures to aid in the diagnosis of cardiologic conditions
pacemaker electrical device that controls the beating of the heart by means of electrical impulses
pericardiocentesis procedure in which a surgeon withdraws fluid from the pericardial space by means of a needle inserted percutaneously into the space
pericardium membranous sac enclosing the heart and the ends of the great vessel
single-chamber pacemaker the electrode of the pacemaker is placed only in the atrium or only in the ventricle, but not in both places
stent mold that holds a surgically placed graft in place
thoracostomy surgical incision into the chest wall and insertion of a chest tube
transvenous across the vein
vein vessel that carries unoxygenated blood to the heart from body tissues
vena caval thrombectomy removal of a blood clot from the blood vessel (inferior vena cava, which is the vein trunk for the pelvic and abdominal area)
ventricle chamber in the lower part of the heart
Created by: mujerlatina