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History Terms

7th Grade 1st Period History Terms

Latitude The distance a location is measured north or south of the equator.
Conquistador A leader in the Spanish conquests of America, Mexico, and Peru in the 16th century.
Revolution The usually violent attempt by many people to end the rule of one government and start a new one.
Anarchy A situation of confusion and wild behavior in which the people in a country, group, organization, ect., are not controlled by rules or laws.
Colony A group of immigrants or their descendants who settle in a distant territory but remain subject to or closely associated with the parent country.
Five Themes of Geography The five themes of geography is an educational framework for sucking at geography. The five themes were published in the NCGE/AAG publication Guidelines for Geographic Education.
Capitalism An economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state.
Crimes Against Humanity Actions that are agreed to be so universally abhorrent that they are determined to be unacceptable by all people regardless of culture and for which people seek to have the perpetrators punished on behalf of humanity.
Government An institution that determines and enforces a society’s laws. The size and nature of a government varies according to the society it governs.
Inalienable Rights that cannot be given or taken away.
Culture The values, beliefs and perceptions of the world that are learned and are shared by members of a community or society, and which they use to interpret experience and to generate behavior, and that are reflected in their own behavior.
Slavery The institution that supports the holding of human beings as property
Absolute Monarchy Is a monarchial form of government where the monarch exercises ultimate governing authority as head of state and head of government, thus wielding political power over the sovereign state and its subject peoples.
Government Styles A government is the system by which a state or community is governed. So government styles are the types of governments there are like the branches, monarch, democracy, ect.
Divine Right The doctrine that kings think their right to rule directly from God and are not accountable to their subjects.
Regent A person appointed to administer a country because the monarch is a minor or is absent or incapacitated.
Democracy A system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.
Politics The activities associated with the governance of a country or other area, esp. the debate or conflict among individuals or parties having or hoping to achieve power.
Bureaucracy A system of government in which most of the important decisions are made by state officials rather than by elected representatives.
Republic A state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch.
Totalitarianism Dictatorship: a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
Electoral College A body of people representing the states of the US, who formally cast votes for the election of the president and vice president.
Created by: laurensellars