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Chapter 1

Investigating the Past

Source Anything that provides evidence about our past.
Primary Source Things that survive from the time being studied (providing us with first-hand/primary info) i.e. old diaries/photographs/pottery.
Secondary Source Don't come from the time being studied (providing us with second-hand/secondary info) i.e. history textbook.
Manuscripts Hand-written documents .i.e. diaries/letters/notebooks.
Pictorial Sources Photographs,paintings and documentary films (films about actual people and events).
Printed Sources Books,newspapers,magazines,maps and government documents i.e. censuses (official population counts).
Oral Sources Eye-witness accounts,interview,tape recordings and radio documentary programmes.
Artefacts Anything that has been made/used by people. ex. books/pottery/tools.
Where many historical sources are found: Museums/archives/libraries/art galleries.
Prejudice Making unfair judgments.
Prehistory The time before writing was invented.
Biased Unfair judgments.
BC Before Christ.
AD After Death.
Stratigraphy Artefacts found deeper beneath the surface are older than artefacts found above them in shallower ground.
Carbon Dating When a plant/animal dies, carbon begins to leak out slowly from its body. By measuring how much carbon is left in the dead plant/animal, scientists can work out approximately when the plant/animal died.
Pollen Analysis Used to find out what plants grew long ago in an area. Pollen grains can sometimes survive for thousands of years and can be studied under a microscope.
Well-Known Archaeological Sites in Ireland: Wood Quay(Dublin) - Viking Settlement The Céide Fields(Mayo) - Stone Age farming site Lough Gur(Limerick) - Stone Age Settlement
Created by: efstudy