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Mr. Burton

Vocab (Test on Wednesday)

Magna Carta cornerstone of English justice and law; signed by King John (of England) in 1215; declared that the king and government were bound by the same law as the other citizens of England
Unalienable Rights or natural rights guaranteed to people naturally instead of by the law. Used as the foundation of the Declaration of Independence
Republic a state in which the supreme power rest in the body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by representatives chosen directly or indirectly by them
Baron de Montesquieu he first outlined the concept of separating the powers of government between executive, legislative, and judicial branches
Representative Government power is held by the people and is exercised through the efforts of representatives elected by those people
Democracy is a system of government where supreme political authority resides with the people
1776 a very important date for the united states, continental congress met July 4th we declared independence from great Britain with the passage of the declaration of independence and the revolutionary war begins
1607 the Virginia company of London establishes the first permanent English colony in north America in James town
Samuel Adams cousin of John Adams based in Boston, MA; he was one of the early founding fathers; leader of the sons of liberty
Mayflower compact drafted in 1620 by the pilgrims at Plymouth rock; declared that the 41 males who signed it agree to accept majority rule and to do what's best for the colony
Ulysses S. Grant general during the Civil War; fought for the north, became commander of the whole union army; he successfully guided the north to victory over the south
Mercantilism an economic theory which states that a nations wealth is based on the amount of gold and silver bullion in its treasury
Virginia house of Burgesses created in 1619, was an assembly of elected representatives from the Virginia colony. Fist form of representative government in the English colonys
Absolute and relative chronology absolute- to organize events in order from oldest to most recent (day, moth, and year) Relative- depends less on specific dates, and more on relationship of events ex.story you have a beginning middle and end
articles of confederation our first constitution adopted in 1781 during the American revolution, created a weak national government and strong state government
Daniel Webster famous senator from Massachusetts very good speaker he helped keep the country together during the year right before the civil war
Bessemer steel process removes the impurities from iron to make steel. Steel was very important to the industrial revolution. It was hard to make until this method became a very large business
bill of rights first ten amendments to the U.S. constitution. guaranteed basic rights and freedom that every citizen has government cant take them away
us constitution established the government of this country; has 7 articles and 27 amendments sets up the basic functions of the government and establishes the rights of all citizens
civic virtue relates to involvement in a community; citizens of a state, town, or nations have an obligation to be active, peaceful, loyal, and supportive of the community
Created by: kmjohnson6