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Bonewit Chapt 2

Medical Asepsis- OSHA

aerobe microorganism that needs oxygen to live & grow
anaerobe microorganism that grows best in the absence of oxygen
antiseptic an agent that inhibits in the growth of or kills microorganisms
asepsis free from infection or pathogens
cilia slender, hairlike projections that constantly beat towards the outside to remove the microorganisms from the body
contaminate to soil or make impure
decontamination the use of physical or chemical means to remove inactive or destroy on a surface or item to the point where they are no longer capable of transmitting infectious particles
hand hygiene the process of cleansing or sanitizing the hands
infection the condition in which the body, or part of it, is invaded by a pathogen
medical asepsis practices that are employed to reduce the number & hinder the transmission of pathogens
microorganism (MO) a microscopic plant or animal
non-intact skin skin that has a break in the surface
nonpathogen a microorganism that does not normally produce disease
opportunistic infection infection that results from a defective immune system that cannot defend the body from pathogens normally found in the environment
optimum growth temperature temperature at which an organism grows best
parenteral taken into the body through the piercing of the skin barrier or mucous membranes
pathogen a disease-producing microorganism
perinatal relating to the period shortly before & after birth
pH the degree to which a solution is acidic or basic
post-exposure prophylaxisis treatment administrated to an individual after exposure to an infectious disease to prevent disease
regulated medical waste medical waste that poses a threat to health & safety
reservoir host the organisms that becomes infected by a pathogen & serves as a resource of transfer of the pathogen to others
resident flora harmless, non-pathogenic microorganisms that usually reside on the skin
susceptible easily infected, lacking resistance
transient flora microorganisms that resides on the superficial skin layers
Created by: brookehonaker