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Bonewit ch.2

Bonewit ch.2 (Kayla Sharp)

Aerobe A microorganism that need oxygen to live and grow.
Anaerobe A microorganism that grows best in the absence of oxygen.
Antiseptic An agent that inhibits the growth of or kills microorganisms.
Cilia Slender,hairlike projections that constantly beat toward the outside to remove microorganisms from the body.
Contaminate To soil or to make impure. An aseptic object becomes thiswhen it touches something that is not clean.
Decontaminatation The use of physical or chemical means to remove,inactivate,or destroy pathogens on a surface or item to the point where they are no longer capable of transmitting infectious particles;the surface or item is rendered safe for handling use or disposal.
Infection The condition in which the body,or part of it is invaded by a pathogen.
Medical Asepsis Practices that are employed to reduce the number & hinder the transmission of pathogens.
Microorganism A microscopic plant or animal.
Nonintact Skin Skin that as a break in the surface. It includes, but is not limited to, abrasions, cuts, hangnails, paper cuts, and burns.
Nonpathogens A microorganisms that does not normally produce disease.
Opportunistic Infection An infection that results from a defective immune system that can not defend the body from pathogens normally found in the environment.
Optimum Growth Temperature he temperature at which an organism grows best.
Parenteral Taken into the body through the piercing of the skin barrier or mucous membranes, such as tho.ugh needlesticks, human bites, cuts & abrasions
Pathogen A disease-producing microorganisms.
Perinatal Relating to the period shortly before & after birth.
pH The degree to which a solution is acidic or basic.
Postexposure Prophylaxis Treatment administered to an individual after exposure to an infectious disease to prevent the disease.
Regulated Medical Waste Medical waste that poses a threat to health& safety.
Reservoir Host The organism that becomes infected by a pathogen & serves as a source of transfer of the pathogen to others.
Resident Flora Harmless,nonpathogenic microorganisms that normally reside on the skin & usually do not cause disease;also known as normal flora.
Susceptible Easily affected; lacking resistance.
Transient Flora Microorganisms that reside on the superficial skin layers & are picked up in the course of daily activities. They are often pathogentic but can be removed easily from the skin by sanitizing the hands.
Hand Hygiene The process of cleaning or sanitizing the hands.
Created by: kaylasharp