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Abbreviations used by health practitioners

ā before
AAO alert, awake, oriented
AKA above knee amputation
abd abdomen
ABG arterial blood gas
ac before meals
AD right ear
ad lib as desired
AM or am morning
AMA against medical advice
amb ambulatory
amt amount
ARF acute renal failure
ax axillary
bid twice daily
BKA below knee amputation
BM bowel movement
BP blood pressure
BRP bathroom privileges
BR bed rest
c with
C Celsius, centigrade
ca cancer
cap capsule
CBC complete blood count
CHF congestive heart failure
c/o complains of
CO2 carbon dioxide
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CVA cerebrovascular accident "stroke"
CRF chronic renal failure
CAD coronary artery disease
cm centimeters
DM diabetes mellitus
DOE dyspnea on exertion
dx diagnosis
N/V nausea and vomitting
noc nocturnal/night
ECG/EKG electrocardiogram
elix elixir
ER emergency room
F Farenheit
GI gastrointestinal
GERD gastro-esophageal reflux disease
gtt drop
g gram
GU genito-urinary
gr grains
et and
drsg dressing
CTA clear to auscultation
ETOH alcohol
h (hr) ° hour
hx, h/o history of
HOB head of bed
H2O water
IM intramuscular
IV intravenous
IVP intravenous push
IVPB intravenous piggy back
I&O intake and output
kg kilogram
LLE left lower extremity
LUE left upper extremity
LUQ left upper quadrant
LLQ left lower quadrant
L liter
mL milliliter
mg milligram
mcg microgram
NGT nasogastric tube
neg negative
NKA no known allergies
NKDA no known drug allergies
sol solution
NC nasal cannula
stat at once
NPO nothing by mouth
OB obstetrics
OOB out of bed
OR operating room
OT occupational therapy
O2 oxygen
P pulse
p post (after)
pc after meals
PE physical exam, pulmonary embolism
per by or through
post op postoperative
pre op preoperative
prep preparation
pr per rectum
po by mouth, per os
prn when necessary, as needed
pt patient
PT physical therapy
PRBC packed red blood cells
PVD peripheral vascular disease
q every
qid four times daily
qs as much as sufficient
R respirations
RBC red blood cells
RLE right lower extremity
RLQ right lower quadrant
RUE right upper extremity
RUQ right upper quadrant
tx treatment
s without
SubQ subcutaneous
SOB shortness of breath
ss one half
sx symptoms
sl sublingual
suppos suppository
syr syrup
T temperature, tablespoon
tab tablet
t teaspoon
tab tablet
tid three times daily
TPR temperature, pulse, respirations
UA urinalysis
STD sexually transmitted disease
STI sexually transmitted infection
via by way of
VS vital signs
WBC white blood cell count
WNL within normal limits
w/c wheelchair
wt weight
x times
x except
= equal
ht height
+ positive
- negative
d/c, dc, D/C, DC *discontinue, discharge
> *greater than
< *less than
OD *right eye
OS *left eye
OU *both eyes
HS *hours of sleep
cc *cubic centimeters
SQ, SC *subcutaneous
Created by: surban