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world georg

ch 3&4 vocab

TermDefinition
culture the way of life that ditingushes a people, for example, goverment, language, religion, customs,and beliefs
population desity
birthrate the number of live births each year per 1,000 people
immigrant
emigrant
urbanazation
rural of, or characteristict of, the countryside
culture hearth
culture convergence
diffushion
cultural divergence
sovereignty a country's freedom and power to decide on policies and actions
unitary system a system of government in which one central government holds most of the political power
federation a government structure in which some powers are given to the national government and other powers are reserved for more local governments
confederation a system of government in which individual political units keep their soverignty but give limited power to a central government
authoritarian descriptive of a system of government in which the leaders hold all the political power
dictatorship a system of government in which absolute power is held by a small group or one person
totalitarianism a system of government in which a central authority controls all aspects of society
monarchy a system of authoritarian government headed by a monarch-a king, queen, shah, or sultan-whose position is usually inherited
democracy a system of government in which the people are invested with the power to choose their leaders and government policy
traditional economy an economic system in which families produce goods and services for their own use, with little surplus and exchange of goods; also known as a subsistence economy
market economy an economic system in which decisions about production, price, and other economic factors are determined by the law of supply and demand
command economy an economic system that is controlled by a single central government
natural resource a material in the natural environment that people value and use to satisfy their needs
renewable resource a natural resource that the environment continues to supply or replace as it is used
nonrenewable resource a natural resource that cannot be replaced once it is used
fossil fuel
nuclear energy
water power
geothermal energy energy produced from the earths intense interior heat
solar energy energy produced by the sun
primary economic activity an economic activity that takes or uses natural resources directly, such as fishing or mining
subsistence farming farming that provides only enough for a family or a village
commercial farming the raising of crops and livestock for sale in markets
secondary economic activity an economic activity in which people use raw materials to produce or manufacture new products of greater value
cottage industry a small-scale manufacturing operation ussing little technology, often located in or near peoples homes
commercial industry a large-scale manufacturing operation that employs many people and produces large quantities of goods
tertiary economic activity an economic activity in which people do not directly gather or process raw materials but pursue activities that serve others; service industry
quaternary economic activity an economic activity that focuses on the acquistion, processing, and sharing of information, such as education or research
export an item sent out of a country for sale
import an item brought in to a country for sale
Created by: austinbetteridge