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World Geo 7

Ch. 3 & 4

TermDefinition
1.Culture The way of life that distinguishes a people, for example government, religion, language, customs, and beliefs.
2.Population Density The average number of people living in a given area.
3.Birthrate The number of live year each year per 1,000 people.
4.Immigrant A person who moves to a country.
5.Emigrant A person who leaves a country to live elsewhere.
6.Urbanization The growth of city population.
7.Rural Of, or characteristics of, the country side.
8.Culture Hearth A place where important ideas begin and thereafter spread to surrounding cultures.
9.Cultural Convergence The contact and interaction of one culture with another.
10.Diffusion The process in which a cultural element is transmitted from one group or individual to another
11.Cultural Divergence The restriction of a culture from outside influences.
Soreingty A countries freedom and power to decide on policies and actions.
Unitary System A system of government in which one central government hold most of the political pwer
Federation A government structure in which some power are given to the national government and other powers are reserved for more local governments.
Confederation A system of government in which individual political units keep their sovereignty but give limited power to a central government.
Authoritarian Descriptive of a system of government in which leaders hold all political power.
Dictatorship A system of government in which absolute power is held by a small group or one person.
Totalitarianism A system of government in which a central authority controls all aspects of society.
Monarchy A system of authoritarian government headed by a monarch- a king, queen, shah, or sultan- whose position is usually inherited.
Democracy A system of government in which the people invest with the power to choose their leaders and determine government policies.
Traditional Economy An economic system in which families produce goods and service for their own use, with little surplus and exchange of goods; also known as a subsistence economy.
Market Economy An economy system in which decisions about production, price, and other economics factors are determined by the law supply and demand.
Command Economy An economic system that is controlled by a single central government.
Natural Resources A material in the natural environment that people value and use to satisfy their needs.
Renewable Resources A natural resource that the environment continuous to supply or replace as it is used.
Nonrenewable Resources A natural resource that cannot be replaced once it is used.
Fossil Fuels Any one of several nonrenewable mineral resources formed from the remaining of ancient plants and animals and used for fuel.
Nuclear Energy A type of energy produced by fission the splitting or uranium atoms in a nuclear reactor, releasing stored energy.
Water Power Energy produce from falling water to move machinery or generate electricity.
Geothermal Energy Energy produced from the earth's intense interior heat.
Solar Energy Energy produced by the sun.
Primary Economic Activity An economic activity that takes or uses natural resources directly, such as fishing or mining.
Subsistence Farming Farming that provides only enough for the needs of the family or village.
Commercial Farming The raising or crops and livestock for sale in markets.
Second Economic Activity An economic activity in which people use raw materials to produce or manufacture new products of greater value.
Cottage Industry A small-scale manufacturing operation using little technology, often located in or near peoples homes.
Commercial Industry A large-scale manufacturing operation that enjoys many people and produces large quantities of goods.
Tertiary Economic Activity An economic activity in which people do not directly gather or process raw materials but peruse activities that serve others; service industry
Quaternary Economic Activity An economic activity that focus on the acquisition, such as education or research.
Export An item that is sent out of the country for sale.
Import An item that is brought into the country for sale.
Created by: Edgar Gonzalez