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Chapter3 and4 vocab

chapters three and four vocabulary

TermDefinition
culture the way of life that distinguishes a people, for example goverment , language , religion , customs , and beliefs
population density the average number of people living in green area
birthrate the number of live births each year per 1,000 people
immigrant a person who moves into a country
emigrant a person who leaves a country to go else where
urbanization the growth of city populations
rural sof , or characteristics of the countryside
culture hearth a place in which important ideas begin and there after spread to surronding cultures
cultural convergence the contact and interaction of one culture with another
diffusion the process by which a cultural element is transmitted from one group or person to another
cultural divergence the restrictions of a culture from utside influences
Soveringnty A countrys freedom and power to decide on polocies and actions
Unitary System a systems goverment in which one central goverment holds most of the political power
Federation a goverment structure in which some powers are given to the national goverment and other powers are reserved for more local goverments
Confederation a system of goverment in which individual political units keep their soverignty but give limited power to a central goverment
Authoritarian descriptive of a system of goverment in which the leaders hold all political power
Dictatorship asystem of gov. in which absolute power is held by a small group or one person
Totalitarianism a system of gov. in which a central authority controls all aspects of society
Monarchy a system of authorization goverment headed by a monarch- A king , queen , shah , or sultan - whose position is usually inherited
Democracy a system of goverment in which the people are invested with power to choose their leaders and determin gov. policy
Traditional Economy a ecenomic system in which families produce goods and ervices for their own use , with little srplus and exchange of goods also known as substience economy
market economy an econonomic system in which decisions about production, price, and other economic factors are determined by the law of supply and demand
commad economy an economic system that is controlled by a single central gov.
Natural resource a material in the natural enviroment that people value and use to satify their needs
Renewable Resource A natural resource that the enviroment continues to supply or renew as it is used
Nonrenewable Resources a natural resource that cannot be replaced once it is used
Fossil Fuel any one of several nonrenewable mineral resources formed from the remains of ancient plants and animals used for fuel
Nuclear Energy a type of energy produced by fussion- the splitting or uranium atoms in a nuclear reactor , releasing stored energy
Water Power energy produced from falling water to move machinery or generate electricity
Geothermal Energy energy produced from the earths intense interior heat
Solar energy energy produced by the sun
primary economic activity an economic activity that takes or uses natural resources directly , such as fishing or mining
subsistence farming farming that provides only enough for the needs of a family or village
commercial farming the raising of crops and live stock for sale in markets
secondary economic activity an economic activity in which people use raw materials to produce or manufacture new products of great value
cottage industry a small-scale manufacturing operation using little technology often located in or near peoples homes
commercial industry a large scale manufacturing operation that employees many people and produces large quantities of goods
tertiary economic activity a economic activity in people people do not directly gather or process raw materials but presue activities that serve others
quaternary economic activity an economical activity that focuses on the acquistion , processing , and sharing of information , such as education or research
export an item that is sent out of the country for sale
import an item that is brought into the country for sale
Created by: RebeccaHammons