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World Goegraphy

Chapter 3 & 4 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
.Culture The way of life that distinguishes a people, For Example,Government, Language.
Population Density The average number of people living in a giving area.
Birthrate The number of live births each year per 1,000 people
Immigrant A person who moves into a country.
Emigrant A person who leaves a country to move somewhere else.
Urbanization The growth of city populations.
Rural Of, or Characteristics of, the country side.
Culture Health A place in which important ideas begin and therefor spread to surrounding cultures.
Cultural Convergence The contract and interaction of one culture from outside influence.
Diffusion The process in which a culture element is transmitted from one group or individual to another.
Cultural Divergence The restriction
Sovereignty A country's freedom and power to decide on politics and actions
Unitary System A system in government in which one central government holds most of the political power.
Federation A government structure in which powers are given to the national government and other power are reserved for more local governments.
Confederation A system in government in which individual political units keep there Sovereignty
Authoritarian Descriptive of a system of goverment
Dictatorship A system of government which absolute is held by a small group or one person
Totalitarianism A system of government in which a centrel authority
Monarchy Inherit their positions by being born into the ruling family
Democracy People deside their government and how to be ruled
Traditional Economies An economic system in which families produce good and services for their own use
Market Economy An economic system in which Decisions about production, price, And other economic factors are determined by the law of supply and demand.
Command Economy An economic that is controlled by a single central government
Natural Resources a material in the natural environment that people value and satisfy their needs.
non-renewable resources a resource that cant be replaced once it has been used
Fossil Fules Any one of several nonrenewable mineral resources formed from the remains of ancient plants and animals and used for fuel.
Nuclear energy A type of energy produced by fission. the splitting of uranium atoms in a nuclear reactor, releasing stored energy.
Water Power Energy produced from falling water to move machinery or generate power.
Geothermal Energy Energy produced from the earths intense interior heat.
Solar Energy Energy produce by the sun
Primary Economic activities An economic activity that takes or uses natural resources directly .
Subsistence Farming Farming that provides only enough for the needs of the family or a village
Cottage Industries A small scale manufacturing operation using little technolgy
Commercial Farming The raising of crops and livestock for sale in markets
Secondary Economic Activities An Economic activity in which people use raw materials to produce or manufacture new products of greater value.
Tertiary Economic Activities An Economic activity in which do not directly gather or process raw materials but pursue activities that serve others.
Quaternary Economic Activities An Economic activity that focus on the acquisition, processing , and sharing of information, such as education or research.
Exports An item that is sent out of the country for sale.
Imports An item that is brought into the country for sale.
Mixed Economy A System combining different degrees of government regulation
Created by: Dance1999