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Chapter 1 Terms

Intro to Health Care Delivery

aboriginal people broadly, individuals indigenous to a country or region
cardiovascular disease disease that affects the heart and vascular system
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) persistent lung disease that interferes with normal breathing, including both chronic bronchitis
compensation that part of the health-illness continuum in which a person is neither in good nor poor health, is able to accommodate a malady, and is continuing on with daily life
culture common elements of a social group, including its beliefs, practices, behaviours, values, and attitudes
disability a physical or mental incapacity that differs from what is perceived as normal function
disease a disorder affecting a system or organ, which can be mental, physical, or genetic in origin
emotional wellness people's ability to understand themselves, to recognize their strengths and limitations and to accept who they are
environmental wellness engages in a lifestyle that is friendly to the environment both internal and external
etiology the study of causes
exacerbation a period of time when a disease (usually chronic) is active and the person has symptoms...may also refer to an increase in the severity of the disease
health behaviour the activities and actions a person engages in to acquire and maintain good physical and psychological health
health beliefs what a person believes to be true about his or her health and susceptibility to illness, and about illness, prevention, and treatment in general
health-illness continuum a method of measuring one's state of health at any given point in time
holistic whole...in health care, treating the whole person, not just an individual part of the person
illness how a person feels about his or her health, whether or not a disease is present
infant mortality the death of an infant
intellectual wellness a person's ability to make informed decisions that are appropriate and beneficial
life expectancy the number of years a population or parts of a population is expected to live as determined by statistics
morbidity disease, the occurrence of disease, or impairment resulting from accidents or environmental causes that adversely affects health
mortality death or the occurrence of deaths, resulting from disease, accidents, or environmental causes
obesity excessive accumulation of body fat to the point that an individual's health is at risk
physical wellness maintaining a healthy body by eating a nutritious, balance diet, exercising regularly, making intelligent, informed decisions about ones health, and seeking medical assistance when necessary
remission a period of time during which a chronic disease is neither active nor acute and the person has no obvious symptoms
self-imposed risk behaviours actions (such as smoking tobacco) that a person willfully engages in despite knowing they pose a danger to his or her health
sick role behaviour a person's response to disease or illness
signs those things related to an illness that a person or examiner can see
social wellness relating effectively to others,, including being able to form close, loving relationships, to laugh, to communicate effectively and empathically, to be a good listener, and to respond appropriately
spiritual wellness may include a commitment to a religion or some higher power that evokes a sense of belonging to something greater than "self"
symptoms those things that a person feels that may relate to an illness
wellness the way a person feels about his or her health and quality of life
Created by: eveldhuizen