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Chapters 7

Medical Terminology

Primary male sex organ, paired, oval-shaped and enclosed in a sac called the scrotum. Testis, or testicles plural testes, or testicles
the microscopic male germ cell, which when united with the ovum produces a zygote. Sperm
the principal male sex hormone testosterone
approximately 900 coiled tubes within the testes in which spermatogenesis occurs seminiferous tubules
coiled duct atop each of the testes that provides for storage, transit, and maturation of spermatozoa. epididymis
Duct carrying the sperm form the epididymis to the urethra Vac deferens, ductus deferens, or seminal duct
Two main glands located at the base of the bladder that open into the vas deferens. seminal vesicles
encircles the upper end of the urethra. prostate gland
sac suspended on both sides of and just behind the penis scrotum
male organ of urination and copulation penis
enlarged tip on the end of the penis glans penis
fold of skin covering the glans penis in uncircumcised males prepuce/foreskin
composed of sperm, seminal fluids, and other secretions Semen
reproductive organs genitalia
balan/o glans penis
epididym/o epididymis
orchid/o, orchi/o, orch/o, test/o testi, testicle
prostat/o prostate gland
vas/o vessel,duct
vesicul/o seminal vesicle
andr/o male
sperm/o, spermat/o spermatozoon
anorchism state or absence of testis
balanitis inflammation of the glans penis
balanorrhea discharge from the glans penis
benign prostatic hyperplasia excessive development pertaining to the prostate gland
cryptorchidism state of hidden testes
epididymitis inflammation of an epididymis
orchiepididymitis inflammation of the testis and epididymis
orchitis, orchiditis, or testitis inflammation of the testis or testicles
prostatitis inflammation of the prostate gland
prostatocystitis inflammation of the prostate gland and the bladder
prostatolith stone in the prostate gland
prostatorrhea discharge from the prostate gland
prostatovesiculitis inflammation of the prostate gland and seminal vesicles
erectile dysfunction the inability of the male to attain or maintain an erection sufficient to perform sexual intercourse
hydrocele scrotal swelling caused by a collection of fluid
phimosis a tightness of the prepuce/foreskin that prevents its retraction over the glans penis
priapism persistent abnormal erection of the accompanied by pain and tenderness
prostate cancer cancer of the prostate gland, usually occurring later in life.
testicular cancer cancer of the testicle, usually occurring in men 15 to 35 years of age.
testicular torsion twisting of the spermatic cord causing decreased blood flow to the testis
varicocele enlarged veins of the spermatic cord
balanoplasty surgical repair of the glans penis
epididymectomy excision of an epididymis
orchidectomy, orchiectomy excision of the testis
orchidopexy, orchiopexy surgical fixation of a testicle
orchidotomy, orchiotomy incision into a testis
orchioplasty surgical repair of a testis
prostatectomy excision of the prostate gland
prostatocystotomy incision into the prostate gland and bladder
prostatolithotomy incision into the prostate gland to remove a stone
prostatovesiculectomy excision of the prostate gland and seminal vesicles
vasectomy excision of a duct resulting in sterilization
vasovasostomy creation of artificial openings between ducts
vesiculectomy excision of the seminal vesicle
circumcision surgical removal of the prepuce
hydrocelectomy surgical removal of a hydrocele
radical prostatectomy excision of the prostate gland with its capsule, seminal vesicles, vas deferens, and sometimes pelvic lymph nodes.
suprapubic prostatectomy excision of the prostate gland through an abdominal incision made above the pubic bone and through an incision in the bladder; used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate cancer
transrectal ultrasound an ultrasound procedure used to diagnose prostrate cancer
prostate-specific antigen a blood test that measures the level of prostate-specific antigen in the blood.
semen analysis microscopic observation of ejaculated semen, revealing the size, structure, and movement of sperm
digital rectal examination a physical examination in which the physician inserts a finger into the rectum and feels for the size and shape of the prostate gland through the rectal wall.
andropathy disease of the male
aspermia condition of being without sperm
oligospermia condition of scanty sperm
spermatolysis dissolution of sperm
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome a disease that affects the body's immune system, transmitted by exchange of body fluid during the sexual act, reuse of contaminated needles, or receiving contaminated blood transfusions
artificial insemination introduction of semen into the vagina by artificial means
azoospermia lack of live sperm in the semen
chlamydia A sexually transmitted disease, something referred to as a silent STD because many people are not aware they have the disease.
coitus sexual intercourse between male and female
condom cover for the penis worn during coitus to prevent conception and the spread of sexually transmitted disease.
ejaculation ejection of semen from the male urethra
genital herpes sexually transmitted disease caused by herpesvirus hominis type 2
gonads male and female sex glands
gonorrhea contagious, inflammatory sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacterial organism that affects the mucous membranes of the genitourinary system
heterosexual person who is attracted to a member of the opposite sex
homosexual person who is attracted to a member of the same sex
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) a type of retrovirus that causes AIDS. Infects T-Helper cells of the immune system, allowing for opportunistic infections.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) a prevalent sexually transmitted disease causing benign or cancerous growths in male and female genitals
infertility reduced or absent ability to produce offspring
orgasm climax of sexual stimulation
puberty period when secondary sex characteristics develop and the ability to reproduce sexually begins
sexually transmitted disease diseases, such as syphilis, gonorrhea, and genital herpes, transmitted during sexual contact
sterilization process that renders an individual unable reproduce
syphilis chronic infection caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum, which usually is transmitted by sexual contact, may be acquired in utero, or with direct contact with infected tissue
trichomoniasis a sexually transmitted disease caused by a one-cell organism, infects the genitourinary tract.
AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
BPH benign prostatic hyperplasia
DRE digital rectal examination
ED erectile dysfunction
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
HPV human papillomavirus
PSA prostate-specific antigen
RP radical prostatectomy
STD sexually transmitted disease
TRUS transrectal ultrasound
TUIP transurethral incision of the prostate
TUMT transurethral microwave thermotherapy
TURP transurethral resection of the prostate
Ovaries pair of almond-shaped organs located in the pelvic cavity.
ovum female egg cell
graafian follicles 100,000 microscopic sacs that makes up a large portion of the ovaries.
uterine, or fallopian tubes pair of 5-inch tubes, attached to the uterus, that provide a passageway for the ovum to move from the ovary to the uterus.
fimbria finger-like projection at the free end of the uterine tube
uterus pear-sized and pear-shaped muscular organ that lies in the pelvic cavity, except during pregnancy when it enlarges and extends up into the abdominal cavity. It's functions are menstruation, pregnancy, and labor.
endometrium inner lining of the uterus
myometrium muscular middle layer of the uterus
perimetrium outer thin layer that covers the surface of the uterus
corpus, or body large central portion of the uterus
fundus rounded upper portion of the uterus
cervix narrow lower portion of the uterus
Vagina a 3-inch tube that connects the uterus to the outside of the body
hymen fold of membrane found near the opening of the vagina
rectouterine pouch pouch between the posterior wall of the uterus and anterior wall of the rectum
Bartholin Glands pair of mucus-producing glands located on each side of the vagina and just above the vaginal opening
mammary glands, or breasts pair of milk-producing glands of the female.
mammary papilla breast nipple
areola pigmented area around the breast nipple
vulva, or external genitalia two pairs of lips (labia majora and labia minora) that surround the vagina
perineum Pelvic floor in both the male and female. In the female the area between the vaginal opening and the anus
arche/o first, beginning
cervic/o cervix
colp/o, vagin/o vagina
culd/o cul-de-sac
episi/o, vulv/o vulva
gynec/o, gyn/o woman
hymen/o hymen
hyster/o, metr/o, metr/i uterus
mamm/o, mast/o breast
men/o menstruation
oophor/o ovary
perine/o perineum
salping/o uterine tube
peri- surrounding (outer)
-atresia absence of a normal body opening
-salpinx uterine tube
amenorrhea absence of menstrual discharge
bartholin adenitis inflammation of a bartholin gland
cervicitis inflammation of the cervix
colpitis, vaginitis inflammation of the vagina
dysmenorrhea painful menstrual discharge
endocervictis inflammation of the inner (lining) of the cervix
endometritis inflammation of the inner (lining) of the uterus (endometrium)
hematosalpinx blood in the uterine tube
hydrosalpinx water in the uterine tube
hysteratresia closure of the uterus
mastitis inflammation of the breast
menorrhagia rapid flow of blood from the uterus at menstruation
metrorrhagia rapid flow of blood from the uterus
myometritis inflammation of the uterine muscle
oligomenorrhea scanty menstrual flow
oophoritis inflammation of the ovary.
perimetritis inflammation surrounding the uterus
pyosalpinx pus in the uterine tube
salpingitis inflammation of the uterine tube
salpingocele hernia of the uterine tube
vulvovaginitis inflammation of the vulva and vagina
adenomyosis growth of endometrium into the muscular portion of the uterus
breast cancer malignant tumor of the breast
cervical cancer malignant tumor of the cervix, which progresses from cellular dysplasia to carcinoma.
endometrial cancer malignant tumor of the endometrium
endometriosis abnormal condition in which endometrial tissue grows outside of the uterus in various areas in the pelvic cavity, including ovaries, uterine tubes, intestines, and uterus
fibrocystic breast disease a disorder characterized by one or more benign cysts in the breast
fibroid tumor benign fibroid tumor of the uterine muscle
ovarian cancer malignant tumor of the ovary
pelvic inflammatory disease inflammation of the female pelvic organs that can be caused by many different pathogens.
prolapsed uterus downward displacement of the uterus into the vagina
toxic shock syndrome a severe illness characterized by high fever, rash, vomiting, diarrhea, and myalgia followed by hypotension and, in severe cases, shock and death
vesicovaginal fistula abnormal opening between the bladder and the vagina
cervicectomy excision of the cervix
colpoperinerrhaphy suture of the vagina and perineum
colpoplasty surgical repair of the vagina
colporrhaphy suture of the vagina (wall of the vagina)
episioperineoplasty surgical repair of the vulva and perineum
episiorrhaphy suture of (a tear in) the vulva
hymenectomy excision of the hymen
hymenotomy incision into the hymen
hysterectomy excision of the uterus
hysteropexy surgical fixation of the uterus
hysterosalpingo-oophroectomy excision of the uterus, uterine tubes, and ovaries
mammoplasty surgical repair of the breast
mastectomy surgical removal of a breast
mastopexy surgical fixation of the breast perineum
oophorectomy excision of an ovary
perineorrphaphy suture of the perineum
salpingectomy excision of a uterine tube
salpingo-oophorectomy excision of the uterine tube and ovary
salpingostomy creation of an artificial opening in a uterine tube
vulvectomy excision of the vulva
anterior and posterior colporrhaphy surgical repair of a weakened vaginal wall to correct a cystocele (protrusion of the bladder against the anterior wall of the vagina) and a rectocele (protrusion of the rectum against the posterior wall of the vagina)
conization the surgical removal of a cone-shaped area of the cervix
dilation and curettage dilation (widening) of the cervix and scraping of the endometrium with an instrument called a curette.
endometrial ablation a procedure to destroy or remove the endometrium by use of laser or thermal energy
laparoscopy or laparoscopic surgery visual examination of the abdominal cavity, accomplished by inserting a laparoscope through a tiny incision near the umbilicus
myomectomy excision of a fibroid tumor from the uterus
sentinel lymph node biopsy an injection of blue dye and/or radioactive isotope used to identify the sentinel lymph node(s), the first in the axillary chain and most likely to contain metastasis of breast cancer.
stereotactic breast biopsy a technique that combines mammography and computer-assisted biopsy to obtain tissue from a breast lesion.
tubal ligation closure of the uterine tubes for sterilization tying
uterine artery embolization minimally invasive procedure used to treat fibroids of the uterus by blocking arteries that supply blood to the fibroids.
hysterosalpingogram radiographic image of the uterus and uterine tubes
mammogram radiographic image of the breast
mammography radiographic imagining of the breast
sonohysterography process of recording the uterus by use of sound
colposcope instrument used for visual examination of the vagina
colposcopy visual examination of the vagina
culdoscope instrument used for visual examination of Douglas cul-de-sac
culdoscopy visual examination of Douglas
hysteroscope instrument used for visual examination of the uterus
hysteroscopy visual examination of the uterus
culdocentesis surgical puncture to remove fluid from Douglas cul-de-sac
Created by: Rosaria Scardino Rosaria Scardino