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Bonewit Chapt 2

Medical Asepsis (Cheyenne Rice)

AEROBE a microorganism that needs oxygen to live & grow
ANAEROBE a microorganism that grows best in the absence of oxygen
ANTISEPTIC an agent that inhibits the growth of or kills microorganism
ASRPISIS free from infection or pathogens; the actions practiced to make & maintain an area or object free from infection or pathogens
CILIA slender, hairlike projections that constantly beat toward the outside to remove microorganisms from the body
CONTAMIATE to sil or make impure. an aseptic object becomes "this" when it touches something that is not clean
DECONTAMINATE the use of physical or chemical means to remove, inactive, or destroy pathogens on a surface or item to the point where they are no longer capable of transmitting infectious particles; the surface or item is rendered safe foe handling, use or disposal
HAND HYGIENE the process of cleaning or sanitizing the hands
INFECTION the condition in which the body, or part of it, is invaded by a pathogen
MEDICAL ASEPSIS practices that are employed to reduce the number &hinder the transmission of pathogens
MICROORGANSIM a microscopic plant or animal
NONINTACT SKIN skin that has a break in the surface. it includes, but it not limited to, abrasions, cuts, hangnails, paper cuts & burns
NONPATHOGEN a microorganism that does not normally produce disease
OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTION an infection that results from defection immune system that cannot defend the body from pathogens normally found in the environment
OPTIMUM GROWTH TEMPERATURE the temperature at which an organism grows best
PARENTERAL taken into the body through the piercing of the skin barrier or mucous membranes, such as through needlesticks, human bites, cuts & abrasions
PERINATAL relating to the period shortly before & after birth
pH the degree to which a solution is acidic or basic
POSTEXPOSURE PROPHYLAXIX treatment administered to an individual after exposure to an infectious disease to prevent the disease
REGULATED MEDICAL WASTE medical waste the poses a threat to health & safey
RESERVOIR HOST the organism that becomes infected by a pathogen & serves as a source of transfer of the pathogen to others
RESIDENT FLORA harmless, nonpathogenic microorganism that normally reside on the skin & usually do not cause disease; also known as normal flora
SUSCEPTIBLE easily affected; lacking resistance
TRANSIENT FLORA microorganisms that reside on the superficial skin layers & are picked up in the course of daily activities. they are often pathogenic but can be removed easily from the skin by sanitizing the hands
Created by: cheyennerice