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History of Medicine

Chapter 1

Anatomy The structure of an organism or the science of the morphology/structure of organisms
Anestesia Partial/complete loss of sensation with/without loss of conciousness, induced by administration of an anesthetic agent.
Disease literally the lack of ease, or illness/suffering.
Germs (pathogens) organisms that cause diseases.
Transfusion Injection of blood, blood products ot IV solutions into veins.
Vaccination Inoculation with a vaccine to achieve resistance against infectious disease.
Apothecaries People who prepared and sold drugs and medicine.
Germ Theory (Louis Pasteur) Theory that states that diseases and illnesses are caused by microorganisms (viruses and bacteria)
Retrovirus Any RNA virus that insert a DNA copy into the cell (i.e: HIV, AIDS...)
Bacteriostatic Inhibits(deaccelerates) bacterial growth; does not kill it.
Bacteriocidal Stops and kills bacterial growth.
Clara Barton Founder of the Red Cross (1881).
Leonardo Da Vinci Artist who used dissection to draw the human body.
Sir Alexander Fleming Discovered penicillin (1928).
Benjamin Frankin Study of electricity.
Hippocrates The father of Medicine.
Edward Jenner Developed Smallpox vaccine (1796).
Florence Nightingale Founder of modern nursing.
Louis Pasteur Began pasteurization to kill bacteria; germ theory.
Romans Sanitation and sewer building.
Jonas Salk Developed polio vaccine (1952).
Ancient believes about cause of disease/illness Caused by evil spirits and demons.
Hippocrates 4 things to keep body healthy Good diet, cleanliness, Clean air and exercise.
Main method used in the Dark Ages to treat illnesses/diseases Prayers.
4 diseases that shortened life span during the Middle Ages Bubonic plague, smallpox, diphtheria, tuberculosis.
Dissection's major advance in health care during the Middle Ages Understanding the human body and finding connections.
Importance of the stethoscope Enabled physicians to study internal organs and relate them to diseases if present.
Pasteurization occurs with... Heat.
Michael Angelo Renaissance artist that drew human bodies accurately
AIDS were identified as a disease in... 1980
X-rays... Were accidentally discovered
Joseph Lister began to use desinfectants and antiseptics during surgery.
Created by: 100001040505325