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vocabulary2

vocabulary ch. 2

TermDefinition
1.Weather The condition of the bottom layers of the earths atmosphere in one place over a short period of time.
2.Climate The term used for the weather pattern that an area typically experiences over a long period of time.
3.Rotation The spinning motion of the earth, like a top on its axis, as it travels through space
4.Revolution One complete orbit of the earth around the sun, The earth completes one revolution every 365 1/2 days, or one year
5.Solstices either of the two times a year when the sun appears directly overhead of the tropics of cancer and capricorn
6.Equinoxes Either of the two times each year (spring and fall) when day and night are nearly epual length everywhere on earth
7.Precipitation All the forms of water that fall to earth from the atmosphere, including rain and snow
8.Continental Climates The type of climate found in the great central areas of continents in the Northern Hemisphere; characterized by cold, snowy winters and warm or hot summers
9.Fronts The boundary between two masses of air that differ in density or temperature.
Ecosystem The interaction of plant life, animal life, and the physical environment in which they live.
Biome The term used to describe a major type of ecosystem that can be found in various regions throughout the world.
Deciduous Leaf shedding; A type of tree that sheds its leaves during one season.
Coniferous Cone-bearing; A type of tree able to survibe long, cold winter, with long, thin needles rather then leaves.
Chaparrel A type of natural vegetation that is adapted to Mediterranean climates; small evergreen trees and low bushes, or scrub
Savannas A topical grassland with scattered trees, located in the warm lands near the equator
Herbivores A plant-eating animal
Carnivores A meat-eating animal
Prairies A temperate grassland characterized by a great variety of grasses.
Permafrost A layer of soil just below the earths surface that stays permanently frozen
Tundra A dry, treeless plain where temperatures are always cool or cold and only specialized plants can grow.
Created by: casandra kelley