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Ch. 2 Vocabulary 1

Ch. 2 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
whether the condition of the bottom layer of the earth's atmosphere in one place over a short period of time
climate the term used for the weather patterns that an ares typically experiences over a long period of time
rotation the spinning motion of the earth, like a top on its axis, as it travels through space
revolution one complete orbit of the earth around the sun. the earth completes one revolution every 365 1/2 days, or one year
solstice either of the times a year when the sun appears directly overhead at the tropics of cancer and capricorn
equinox either of the two times each year (spring and fall) when day and night are of nearly equal length everywhere on earth
precipitation all the forms of water that fall to earth from the atmosphere, including rain and snow
front the boundary between two masses of air that differ in density or temperature
continental any of the seven large landmasses of the earth's: africa, antarctica, asia, australia, europe, north america, and south america
climate the term used for the weather patterns that an are typically experiences over a long period of time
ecosystem the interaction of plant life, animal life, and the physical environment in which they live
biome the term used to describe a major type of ecosystem that can be found in various regions throughout the the world
deciduous leaf-shedding; a type of tree that sheds it leaves ding one season
coniferous cone-bearing; a type of of tree able to survive long, cold winters, with long, thin needles rather than leaves
chaparral a type of natural vegetation that is adapted to Mediterranean climates; small evergreen trees and low bushes, or scrub
savanna a tropical gressland with scattered trees, located in the warm lands near the wpuator
herbivore a plant-eating animal
carnivore a meat-eating animal
prairie a temperate grassland characterized by a great variety of grasses
tundra a dry, treeless plain where temperatures ar always cool or cold and only specialized plants can grow
permafrost a layer of soil just below the earth's surface that stays permanently frozen
Created by: cookbrendan