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WGeography

Chapter 2 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Weather the condition of the bottom layer of the earths atmosphere in one place over a short period of time
Climate the term used for weather patterns that a area typically experiences over a long period of time
Rotation the spinning motion of the earth, like a top on its axis, as it travels through space
Revolution one complete orbit of the earth around the sun. the earth complets one revolution every 365 1/4 days, or 1 year
Solstice either of the 2 times a year when the sun appears directly overhead at the Tropics of Cancer and Capricon
Equinox either of the 2 times a year (spring and fall) when day and night are nearly equal length everywhere on earth
Precipitation all the form of water that fall to earth from the atmosphere, including rain and snow
Front a boundary between 2 masses of air that differ in density or temperature
Continential Climate the type of climate found in the great central areas of continents in the Northern Hemisphere, characterized by cold, snowy winters and warm or hot summers
Ecosystem the interaction of plant life, animail life, and the physical enviroment in which they live
Biome a term used to describe a major ecosystem that can be found in various regions throughout the world
Deciduous leaf-shedding; a type of tree that sheds its leaves during one season
Coniferous conr-bearring; a type of tree able to survive long, cold winters, with long, thin needles rather than leaves
Chaparral a type of natural vegitation that is adapted to Mediterranean climates; small evergreen trees and low bushes, or scrub
Savanna a tropical grassland with scattered trees, located in the warm lands near the Equator
Herbivore a plant-eating animal
Carnivore a meat-eating animal
Prairie a temperate grassland characterized by a great variety of grasses
Tundra a dry, treeless plain where temperatures are always cool or cold and only specialized plants can grow
Permafrost a layer of soil just below the earths surface that stays permanently frozen
Created by: laurengrawunder