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Chapter 2 Vocabulary

1.Weather The condition of the bottom layer of the earths atmosphere in one place over a short period of time.
2.Climate The term used for the weather patterns that an area typically experiences over a long period of time.
3.Rotation The spinning motion of the earth, like a top on its axis, as it travel through space.
4.Revolution One complete oebit of the earrth around the sun. The earth completes one revolution every 365 1/4 days or one year.
5.Solstice Either of the two times a year when the sun appears directly overhead at the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn.
6.Equinox Either of the two times each year (spring and fall) when day and night are of nearly equal length everywhere on earth.
7.Precipitation All the forms of water that fall to earth from the atmosphere, including rain and snow.
8.Front The boundary between two masses of air that differ in density or temperature.
9.Continental Climate The type of climate found in the great central areas of continents in the Northern Hemisphere; characterized by cold, snowy winters and warm or hot summers.
Ecosystem The interaction of plant life, animal life, and the physical environment in which they live.
Biome The term used to describe a major type of ecosystem that can be found in various regions throughout the world.
Deciduous Leaf-shedding; a type of tree that sheds its leaves during one season.
coniferous Cone-bearing; a type of tree able to survive long, cold winters, with long, thin needles rather than leaves.
chaparral A type of natural vegetation that is adapted to Mediterranean climates; small evergreen trees and low bushes, or scrub.
Savanna A tropical grassland with scattered trees, located in the warm lands near the equator.
Herbivore A plant eating animal.
Carnivore A meat eating animal.
Prairie A temperate grassland characterized by a great variety of grasses.
Tundra A dry, treeless plain where temperatures are always cool or cold and only specialized plants can grow.
Permafrost A layer of soil just below the earths surface that stays permanently frozen.
Created by: jenniferbarron

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