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ch 2 vocabulary 59

ch 2 vocabulary

TermDefinition
weather the condition of the bottom layer of the earth's atmosphere in one place over a short period of time
climate the term used for the weather patters that an area typically experiences over a long period of time
rotation the spinning motion of the earth, like a top on its axis as it travels through space
revolution one complete orbit of the earth around the sun the earths completes one resolution every 365 1/4 days or one year
solstice either of the two times a year when the sun appears directly overhead at the tropics of cancer and Capricorn
equinox either of the two times each year (spring and fall) when day and night are nearly equal length everywhere on earth
perecipitation all the forms of water that fall to earth from the atmosphere including rain and snow
front the boundary between two masses of air that differ in density or temperature
continental climates the type of climate in the great central areas of continents in the northern hemisphere; characterized by cold snowy winters and warm or hot summers
ecosystem the interaction of plant life animal life and the physical environment in which they live
biome the term used to describe a major type of ecosystem that can be found in various regions throughout the world
deciduous leaf-shedding a type of tree that sheds it leaves during one season.
coniferous cone-bearing a type of tree able to survive long cold winters with long thin needles rather then leaves.
chaparral a type of natural vegetation that is adapted to Mediterranean climates
savanna a tropical grassland with scattered trees located in the warm lands near the equator
herbivore a plaint eating animal
carnivore a meat eatting animal
prairie a temperate grassland characterized by a great variety of grass
tundra a dry treeless plain where temperatures are always cool or cold and only specialized plants can grow
permaforst a layer of soil just below the earths surface that stays permanently frozen.
Created by: nickunderwood