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ch.21 pharm vocab

ch. 21 pharmacology vocab

addiction physical and psychological dependence on an craving for a drug
additive action drug action in which the combination of two similar drugs is equal to the sum of the effects of each
aerosol particles of drug suspended in airqq
anaphylaxis exaggerated hypersensitivity reaction to a drug or foreign organism
antagonistic action combination of two drugs gives less than an additive effect of a drug
antidote agent given to counteract an unwanted effect of a drug
brand name commercial name for a drug; trademark
chemical name chemical formula for a drug
contraindications factors in the patients condition that prevent the use of a particular drug or treatment
food and drug administration (FDA) government agency having the legal responsibility for enforcing proper drug manufacture and clinical use
generic name legal noncommercial name for a drug
iatrogenic condition caused by treatment given by medical personnel
idiosyncrasy unexpected effect produced in a particularly sensitive individual but not seen in most patients
inhalation administration of drugs in gaseous or vapor form through the nose or mouth
medicinal chemistry study of new drug synthesis
molecular pharmacology study of interaction of drugs and subcellular entiies such as DNA, RNA, and enzymes
oral administration drugs given by mouth
parenteral administration drugs are given by injection into the skin, muscles, or veins
pharmacist prepares and dispenses drugs
pharmacy location for preparing and dispensing drugs
pharmacodynamics study of the effects of a drug within the body
pharmacokinetics calculation of drug concentration in tissues and blood over a period of time
pharmacologist specialist in the properties, uses and actions of drugs
pharmacology study of the preparation, properties, uses, and actions of drugs
physicians desk reference (PDR) reference book that lists drug products
receptor target substance with which a drug interacts in the body
rectal administration drugs are inserted through the anus into the rectum
side effect toxic effect that routinely results from the use of a drug
sublingual administration drugs are given by placement under the tongue
synergism combination of two drugs causes an effect that is greater than the sum of the individual effects of each drug alone
syringe instrument (tube) for introducing or withdrawing fluids from the body
tolerance larger and larger drug doses must be given to achieve the desired effect
topical application drugs are applied locally on the skin or mucus membranes of the body
toxicity harmful effects of a drug
toxicology study of harmful chemicals and their effect on the body
transport movement of a drug across a cell membrane into body cells
united states pharmacopeia (U.S.P) authoritative list of drugs, formulas and preparations that sets a standard for drug manufacturing and dispensing
vitamin substance found in foods and essential in small quantities for growth and good health
ACE inhibitor lowers blood pressure
amphetamine central nervous system stimulant
analgesic relieved pain
androgen male hormone
anesthetic reduces or eliminates sensation
angiotensin 2 receptor antagonist lowers blood pressure by preventing angiotensin from acting on receptors in blood vessels
antacid neutralizes acid in the stomach
antiandrogen slows the uptake of androgens or interfers with their binding in tissues
antiarrhythmic treats abnormal heart rhythms
antibiotic chemical substance produced by a plant or microorganism, that has the ability to inhibit or kill foreign organisms in the body
anticoagulant prevents blood clotting
anticonvulsant prevents convulsions (abnormal brain activity)
antidepressant relieved symptoms of depression
antidiabetic drug given to prevent or alleviate diabetes mellitus
antidiarrheal prevents diarrhea
antiemetic prevents nausea and vomiting
antihistamine blocks the action of histamine and helps prevent symptoms of allergy
antinauseant relieves nausea and vomiting
antiplatelet reduces the tendency of platelets to stick together
antiulcer inhibits the secretion of acid by cells of the lining of the stomach
antiviral acts against viruses such as the herpesvirus and HIV
aromatase inhibitor reduces the amount of estrogen in the blood
bactericidal kills bacteria
bateriostatic inhibits bacterial growth
beta-blocker blocks the action of epinephrine at sites on receptors of heart muscle cells, the muscle lining of blood vessels, and bronchial tubes
bisphosphonate prevents bone loss in osteoporosis
caffeine central nervous system stimulant
calcium antagonist blocks the entrance of calcium into heart muscle and muscle lining of blood vessels
cardiovascular acts on the heart and blood vessels
cathartic relieved constipation
diuretic increases the production of urine and thus reduces the volume of fluid in the body
emetic promotes vomiting
endocrine a hormone or hormone-like drug
estrogen female hormone responsible for secondary sex characteristics
gastrointestinal relieves symptoms of diseases in the GI tract
glucocorticoid hormone from the adrenal cortex that raises blood sugar and reduces inflammation
hypnotic produces sleep
laxative weak cathartic
narcotic habit-forming drug that relieves pain by producing stupor or insensibility
progestin female hormone that affects the lining of the uterus during pregnancy
purgative strong cathartic
respiratory treats asthma, emphysema, and infections of the respiratory system
sedative a mildly hypnotic drug that relaxes without necessarily producing sleep
SERM selective estrogen modulator with estrogen-like effect on bones and fat metabolism
stimulant excites and promotes activity
thyroid hormone stimulates cellular metabolism
tranquilizer controls anxiety and severe disturbances of behaviour
Created by: funnykitty24