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ld chapter 2 Paul

book notes for LD in chapter 2

what are 2 ways to approach DLD's (developmental language disorders) 1. naturalist approach 2. normative approach
what happens before the "assessment begins? 2 1. The file/background has been viewed 2. the case history has been taken
what are 4 reasons to assess? 1. screening 2. set a baseline of function 3. set goals for treatment 4. measure treatment effectiveness
what is crucial when trying to establish baseline function? 1 + 3 One must examine all areas of communicative function. Also must assess abilities to use language, 1. hearing 2. cognition 3. oral-motor skills
what is important about context when establishing baseline function? it is important to examine how the child uses language in a variety of settings so that the assessment establishes a true value, not just a lab value.
what is important about setting goals and assessment? using assessment to establish goals is very important, in addition to the needs and desires of the child will help. if expressive language is found to be sub-par but the child really has more of a problem with pragmatics then slp might focus on prags
what are two reasons that measuring change is important to assessment? 1. it will tell you if the goals of the program have been met. 2. it will help with dismissal.
what are 3 questions that could help determine if a client is ready to be discharged from therapy? 1. is more change needed? 2. is more change possible? 3. can more change be achieved without costs that outweigh its benefit.
what do we assess when assessing collateral areas? 1. hearing MOST IMPORTANT EVER 2. oral motor assessment 3. nonverbal cognition 4. social functioning
what are 7 ways we can assess language function? 1. standardized tests 2. developmental scales 3. interviews and questionairres 4. nonstandardized or criterion-referenced procedures 5. behavioral observations 6. curriculum-based 7. dynamic based assessment
what are some features of standardized tests? formal de-contextualized format
what are the 8 properties of standardized tests? 1. clear administration and scoring criteria 2. validity 3. reliability 4. diagnostic accuracy 5. standardized 6. measure of central tendency and variability 7. standard measure of error 8. norm-referenced score 7.
what is validity the extent to which it measures what it says it is going to measure
what is reliability? an instrument is reliable if its measurements are consistent and accurate, or near to the true values
what is diagnostic accuracy often referred to as? evidence based assessment practice
what are some features of interviews and questionnaires? there are many standardized interview or questionnaire instruments and they add another level of the function of the child beyond what we see in a clinic assessment
Created by: boone.pacific