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Medical - Chapter 14

What is another name for a microorganism? microbe
Are microorganisms visible to the naked eye? no
Where are microorganisms found? everywhere
Many microorganism part of the body's natural flora are called... nonpathogens
What organ is Esherichia coli (E. coli) part of the natural flora in? large intestine
What are 5 factors required for microorganisms to grow? warmth, darkness, food, moisture, and most of the time oxygen
Name 6 classifications of microorganisms. Bacteria, helminthes, protozoa, viruses, fungi, and rickettsiae
How are different types of bacteria classified? shape and arrangement
Name 3 types of bacteria Cocci, Bacilli, and Spirilla
Name 3 types of cocci bacteria. Diplococci, Streptococci, and Staphylococci
What do diplococci look like? in pairs or two circles
What do diplococci cause? gonorrhea, meningitis, and pneumonia
What do streptococci look like? chains
What do streptococci cause? strep throat and rheumatic fever
What do staphylococci look like? occur in clusters or groups
What do staphylococci cause? boils, urinary tract infections, wound infections, and toxic shock
What do bacilli look like? rod-shaped (can occur in singles, pairs, or chains)
Many bacilli contain...and what does it allow the bacilli to do? flagella; move
What does bacilli cause? tuberculosis, tetanus, pertussis, botulism, diphtheria, and typhoid
Bacilli also have the ability to form...and when do they grow? spores, or thick-walled capsules; when conditions are poor
What do spirilla look like? spiral or corkscrew
What does spirilla cause? syphilis and cholera
What is used to kill bacteria? antibiotics
Created by: MichaelaGoff