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Root Words, Suffixes, and Prefixes

-ac, -al, -ic, -ary, -ar pertaining to, related to, located in
-algia pain
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
-dynia pain
-ectomy surgical removal
-emesis vomit
-emia blood condition
-ia abnormal state
-esis, -ia, -a, -ism, -ity, -y, -osis, -tion, -sis, -iasis, -sia state or condition, disease
-genesis beginning, origin
-gram record
-graph instrument that records
-graphy process of recording
-ician one who
-ictal seizure, attack
-ist, -ologist a specialist in
-ites, -itis inflammation
-logy science, study of
-lysis, -lytic destroy, dissolution, separation
-malacia softening
-megaly enlargement
-oma tumor
-oxia oxygen
-paresis slight paralysis
-pathy disease
-penia deficient, lack of
-plasty surgical repair
-pnea breathing
-rrhage, -rrhagia excessive flow
-rrhaphy suturing in place
-rrhea flow or discharge
-rrhexis rupture
-sarcoma malignant tumor
-sclerosis hardening
-scope instrument for examining
-scopy visual examination
-stenosis narrowing
-stomy surgical opening
-tomy cutting, incision
Adren/o adrenal glands
Appendic/o appendix
Arthr/o joints
Blephar/o eyelid
Bronch/o bronchial tube, bronchus
Bucc/o cheek
Cardi/o heart
Cephal/o head
Chole/o bile, gall
Col/o colon, large intestine
Crani/o skull
Derm/o skin
Enter/o small intestine
Gastr/o stomach, belly
Gingival gingival tissue, gums
Hem/o blood, relating to the blood
Hepat/o liver
My/o muscle
Nephr/o kidney
Neur/o nerve, nerve tissue
Odont/o tooth
Opthalm eye, vision
Oste/o bone
Ot/o ear, hearing
Ped/o child, foot
Proct/o anus and rectum
Pulmon/o lung
Rhin/o nose
Splen/o spleen
Thorac/o chest
a-, an- without, lacking, deficientab, not
ab- away from
ad-, af- toward, to, near
ante- before, in front of, forward
anti-, ant- against, opposing, preventing
brady- slow
contra- against, opposed
dia- through, between, apart, across
dis- apart, free from
dorso- to the back
dys- difficult, bad, painful, abormal
ect-, ecto-, exo- outside of
end-, endo-, ent-, ento- within, inside
ep-, epi- upon, on, over
eu- normal, good, healthy
extra-, extro- outside of, beyond, outward
hemi- half, partial
hyper- excessive, above, beyond
hyp-, hypo- under, beneath
inter- between
intra-, intro- within, into
mal- bad, abnormal
mega-, megalo- large, big
micr-, micro- small
mult-, multi- many
neo- new, recent
oligo- little, few
para- beside, beyond, after
peri- around, surrounding
poly- many, much, excessive
post- after, behind
pre-, pro- before, in front of
pyo- pus
steno- narrow
sub- under, below, beneath
super-, supra- above, excess, superior
tachy- fast
therm- heat
trans- across, through, beyond
cyano- blue
erythro- red
leuko- white
melano- black
nulli- none
mon-, mono- one
bi-, di-, dipl- two, double, twice
tri- three
Created by: gracebegala