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World geo 7500

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
1 Geography The study of the earths surface and the processes that shape it, the connections between places,
2 GIS A Geographic information system, which uses computer technology to collect and and analyze data about the earths surface in order to solve geographic problems.
3 Absolute Location The position on earth in which a p;ace can be found.
4 Hemispere A half of the earth the equator divides the northern and southern hemispheres the prime meridian divides the eastern and western hemisphers
5 Relative location The position of a place in a relation to another place.
6 Character of a place the physical and human characteristics that help to distinguish a p;ace from other places
7 Perception All the forms of water that fall to earth from the atmosphere, including rain and snow.
8 Formal region A group of places that have similar attributes,for example,a political region.
9 Function Region A group of places connecred by movement,for example,the region drained by the amazon river and its tributaries.
10 Perceptual Region A group of places that is defined by peoples feelings and attitudes.
11 Core The earths center, consisting of the cery hot metal that is dense and solid in the inner core and molter, or liquid, in the outer core.
12 Mantle A thick layer of mostly solid rock beneath the earths crest that surrounds the earths core.
13 Crust The solid,rock,surface layer of the earth.
14 Lithosphere The surface features of the earth, including soil, rock, and landforms
15 Atmosphere The layer of gases, water caper, and other substances above the earth.
16 Hydrosphere The water contained in oceans, lakes rivers, and under the ground.
17 Biosphere The world of plants, animals, and other living thinks in earth's land and water.
18 Continent any of the seven large landmasses of the earth's surface: Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South America.
19 Relief The differences in Europe during the fourteenth, fifteenth, sixteenth centuries.
20 Plate Tectonics The theory that the earth's outer shell is composed of a number of large, unanchored plates, or slabs of rock, whose constant movement explains earthquakes and volcanic activity.
21 Continental drift theory The idea that continents slowly shift their positions due to movement of the tectonic plates on which they ride.
22 Ring of Fire A ring of volcanic mountains surrounding the Pacific Ocean.
23 Weathering The chemical or mechanical process by which rock is gradually broken down, eventually becoming soil
24 Mechanical Whethering The actual breaking up or physical weakening of rock by forces such as ice and roots.
25 Chemical Weathering The process by which the actual chemical structure of rock is changed, usually when water and carbon dioxide cause a breakdown of the rock
26 Acid rain Rain whose high concentration of chemicals, usually from indistrial pollution, polluted water, kills plant and animal life, and eats away at the surface of stone and rock; a form of chemical weathering.
27 Erosion The movement of weathered materials, including gravel, soil, and sand, usually caused by water, wind, and glaciers.
28 Sediment Small particles of soil, sand, and gravel carried and deposited by water.
29 loess Fine-grained, mineral-rich loam, dust, or silt deposited by the wind.
30 Glacier A huge, slow-moving mass of snow and ice.
31 Moraine A ridgelike mass of rock, gravel sand, and clay carried and deposited by a glacier.
32
Created by: Tommy Jay