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Geography999

chapter 1 vocab

TermDefinition
1)Geography The study of the earth's surface and the process that shape it, the connections between places,and the complex relationships between people and their environments.
2)GIS A geographic information system, witch uses computer technology to collect and analyze data about the earth's surface in order to solve geographic problems.
3)Absolute Location The position on the earth in which a place can be found.
4)Hemisphere Half the earth, the equator divides the Meridian divides the Southern Hemispheres; the prime meridian divides the eastern and western hemispheres.
5)Relative Location The position of a place in relation to another place.
6)Character of a Place The physical and human characteristics that distinguish a place form another place.
7)Perception A view point that is influenced by ones own culture and experiences.
8)Formal Region Areas in which certain characteristics are found throughout the area. For example states, countries, and cities are all political regions.
9)Functional Region A group of places connected by movement, for example, the region drained by the Amazon River and its tributaries
10)Perceptual Region A group of places that is defined by peoples feelings and attitudes.
11)core The earths center, consisting of very hot metal that is dense and solid in the inner core and molten or liquid, in the outer core.
12)Mantle A thick layer of mostly solid rock beneath the earths crust that surrounds the earths core.
13)Crust The solid,rocky, surface layer of earth
14)Lithosphere res of the earth,including soil rocks and land forms.
15)Atmosphere The layer of gases, water vapor and other substances above the earth.
16)Hydrosphere The water contained in oceans, lakes, rivers, and under the ground.
17)Biosphere The world of plants,animals, and other living things in earths land and waters.
19)Continent Any of the seven large landmasses of the earths surface: Antarctica,Asia,Australia,Europe,North America,and South America
20)Relief The differences in elevation, or height of the land forms in an particular area
21)Plate Tectonics The theory that the earths outer shell is composed of a number of large, anchored plates, or slabs of rock whose constant movement explains earthquakes and volcanic activity.
22)Continental drift theory The idea that continents slowly shift their positions due to movement of the tectonic plates on which they ride.
23)Ring of Fire A ring of volcanic mountains surrounding the Pacific Ocean.
24)Weathering The chemical or mechanical process by which rock is gradually broken down, eventually becoming soil.
25)Mechanical Weathering The actual breaking up or physical weakening of rock by forces such as ice and roots.
26)Acid Rain Rain whose high concentration of chemicals, usually from industrial pollution, pollutes water,kills plant and animal life, and eats away at the surface of stone and rock"a form of chemical weathering.
27)Erosion The movement of weathered materials, including gravel, soil, and sand, usually caused by water,wind and glaciers.
28)Sediment Particles of soil and rock carried and deposited by water,wind, or ice.
29)Loess Fine-grained, mineral-rich loam, dust or silt deposited by wind.
30)Glacier A huge, slow-moving mass of snow and ice.
31)Moraine A ridge like mass of rock, gravel, sand, and clay carried and deposited by a glacier.
Created by: Katie Hansen