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WorldGeographyy

Chapter 1 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
1.Geography The Study Of Earth´s Surface And The Processes That Shape It, The Connections Between Places, And The Complex Relationships Between People And Their Environment.
2.GIS A Geographic Information System, Which Uses Computer Technology To Collect And Analyze Data About The Earth´s Surface In Order To Solve Geographic Problems.
3.Absolute Location The Position On The Earth In Which A Place Can Be Found
4.Hemisphere A Half Of The Earth; the Equator Divides The Northern And Southern Hemispheres; The Prime Meridian Divides The Eastern An Western Hemispheres.
5.Relative Location The Position Of a Place In Relation TO Another Place.
6.Character of A Place The Physical And Human Characteristics That Help To Distinguish A From Other Places.
7.Perception A Viewpoint that is Influenced by one´s own culture and expweiences
8.Formal Region A Group Of Places That Have Similar Attributes For Example, A Political Region.
9.Functional Region A Group Of Places Connected By Movement, For Example, The Region Drained By The Amazon River And Its Tributaries
10.Perceptual Region A Group Of Places That Is Defined By People´s Feelings And Attitudes
11. Core The Earth´s Center, Consisting Of Very Hot Metal that Is Dense And Solid In The Inner Core And Molten, Or Liquid In The Outer Core.
12. Mantle A Thick Layer Of Mostly Solid Rock Beneath The Earth´s Crust That Surrounds The Earth´s Core.
13. Crust The Solid Rocky Layer Of The Earth
14. Lithosphere The Surface Features Of The Earth, Including Soil,Rocks And Landforms
15.Atmosphere The Layer Of Gases, Water Vapor, And Other Substances Above Earth.
16. Hydrosphere The Waters Contained In Oceans, Lakes, Rivers, And Under The Ground.
17. Biosphere The World Of Plants, Animals, And Other Living Things In Earth´s Land And Waters.
18. Continent Any Of The Seven Large Landmasses of the Earth´s Surface: Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, And South America.
19. Relief The Differences In Elevation, Or Height Of The Land forms In Any Particular Area.
20. Plate Techtonics The Theory That The Earth´s Outer Shell Is Composed Of A Number Of Large, Unanchored Plates OR Slabs Of Rock, Whos Constant Movement explaines earthquakes and volcanic activity
21. Continental Drift Theory the idea that continents slowly shift their positions Due To movement of the tectonic plates on which they ride
22. Ring Of Fire a ring of volcanic mountains surrounding the pacific ocean
23. Weathering The Chemical Or Mechanical process by which the rock is gradually broken down, eventually becoming soil
24. Mechanical Weathering the actual breaking up or physical weakening of rock by forces such as ice and roots
25. Chemical Weathering the process by which the actual chemical structure of rock is changed, usually when water and carbon dioxide cause a breakdown of the rock
26. Acid Rain Rain whose high concentration of chemicals usually from industrial pollution, pollutes water kills plant and animal life and eats away at the surface of stone and rock; form chemical weathering.
27. Erosion the movement of weathered materials including gravel soil and sand usually caused by water wind and glaciers
28. Sediment particles of soil and rock carried and deposited by water wind or ice
29. Loess fine-grained mineral-rich loam dust or silt deposited by the wind
30. Glacier a huge slow-moving snow and ice
31. Moraine a ridge like mass of rock, gravel, sand and clay carried and deposited by a glacier
Created by: michelleguevara