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goegraphy1

Chapter 1 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
1. Geography the study of earths surface and the processes that shape it, the connections between palaces, and the complex relationships between people and their environment.
2.GIS a geographic information system which uses computer technology to collect and analyze data about earths surface in order to solve geographic problems.
3.Absolute Location its position on the earth in which a place can be found.
4.Hemispheres a half of the earth the equator divides the Northern and Southern hemispheres the Prime meridian divides the Eastern and Western hemispheres.
5.Relative Location the position of a place in relation to another place.
6.Character of A Place the physical and human characteristics that help to distinguish a place from other places.
7. Preception a veiwpoint that is influenced by ones own culture and experiences.
8. Formal Regions a group of places that have similar attributes for example a political region.
9.Functional Regions a group of places connected by movement for example, the region drained by the Amazon River and its tributaries.
10.Perceptual Regions a group of places that is defined by peoples feeling and attitudes.
11. Core the earths center, consisting of very hot metal that is dense and solid in the inner core and molten, or liquid, in the outer core.
12. Mantle a thick layer of mostly solid rock beneath the earths crust that surrounds the earths core.
13.Crust the solid rocky surface layer of the earth.
14.Lirhosphere the surface features of the earth, including soil, rocks, and landforms.
15.Atmosphere the layer of gases, water vapor and other substances above the earth.
16.Hydrosphere the water contained in oceans, lakes, rivers, and under the ground.
17.Biosphere the world of plants animals and other living things in the earths land and waters.
18.Continents any of the seven large landmasses of the earth surface: Afric, Antartica, asia, australia, europe, north america, and south america.
19.Releif the differences in elevation, or height, of the landforms in any particular area.
20.Plate Tectonics the theory that the earths outer shell is composed of a number of large, unanchored plates, or slabs of rock, hose constant movemment explains earthquakes and vol
21.Continental drift theory the idea that continents slowly shift their postions due to movement of the tectonic plates on which they ride.
22.Weathering the chemical or mechanical proccess by which rock is gradually broken down, eventually becoming soil.
23.Mechanical Weathering the actual breaking up or physical weakening of roch by forces such as ice and roots.
24.Chemical Weathering the proccess by which the actual chemical structure of rock is changed, usually when water and carbon dioxide cuase a breakdown of the rock.
25.Acid rain rain whose high concentration of chemicals usually from industrial pollution, pollutes water, kills plant and animal life, and eats away at the surface of stone and rock, a form of chemical weathering.
26.Erosin the movement of weathered materials including gravel, soil, and sand usually caused by water, wind, and glaciers.
27.Sediment particales of soil and rock carried and deposited by wind, water, or ice.
28.loess fine-grained, mineral-rich loam, dust, or silt deposited by the wind.
29.Glaciers a huge, slow-moving mass of snow and ice.
30.Moraines a ridgelike mass of rock, gravel, sand, and clay carried and deposited by a glacier.
Created by: fallen_ward