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World geography 3

chapter 1 vocabulary

TermDefinition
1. geography the study of the earth's surface and the processes that shape it, the connections between place, and the complex relationships between people and there environments
2. GIS a geographic information system, witch uses computer technology to collect and analyze data about the earth's surface in order to solve geographic problems.
3. absolute location the position on the in which a place can be found
4. hemisphere a half of the earth; the equator divides the northern and southern hemispheres; the prime meridian divides the eastern and western hemisphere
5. relative location the position of a place in relation to another place
6. character of a place the physical and human characteristics that help to distinguish a place from other places
7. perception a viewpoint that is influenced by ones own culture and experiences.
8. formal region a group of places that have similar attributes for example a political region.
9. functional region a group of places connected by movement for example the regions drained by the Amazon river and its tributaries
10. perceptual region a group of places that's is defined by people's feelings and attitudes
11. core the earth's center consisting of very hot metal that is dense and solid in the inner core and molten or liquid in the outer core
mantle a thick layer of mostly solid rock beneath the earth's crust that surrounds the earth's core
crust the solid rocky surface layer of the earth
lithosphere
atmosphere
hydrosphere
biosphere
continent
relief
plate tectonics
continental drift theory
ring of fire
weathering the chemical and mechanical process
mechanical weathering the actual breaking up or physical weakening of rock by forces such as ice and roots
chemical weathering the process by which the actual chemical structure of rock is changed, usually when water and carbon dioxide cause a breakdown of the rock
acid rain
erosion
sediment
loess
glacier
moraine
Created by: nickunderwood