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world geography.

Chapter 1 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
geography the study of the earth's surface and the processes that shape it. the connections between places, and complex relationships between people and their environment.
GIS a geographic information system which uses computer technology to collect and analyze data about the earth's surface in order to solve geographic problems.
Absolute location a position on earth where a place can be found.
Hemisphere a half of the earth: the equator divides the north and south hemisphere. the prime meridian divides the western and eastern hemisphere.
Relative Location the position of a place in relation to another place.
Character of a Place the physical and human characteristics that help to distinguish a place from other places.
Perception a viewpoint that is influenced by ones own culture and experiences
Formal Region a group of places that have similar attributes, for example, a political region.
Functional Regions a group of places connected by movements, for example, the region drained by the Amazon river and it's tributaries.
Perceptual Region a group of places that is defined by people's feelings and attitudes.
Core the earth's center, consisting of very hot metal that is dense and solid in the inner core molten, or liquid, in the outer core.
Mantle
Crust The solid, rocky, surface layer in the earth.
Lithosphere
Atmosphere The layer or gases, water vapor, and other substances above the earth.
Hydrosphere The water contained in oceans, lakes, rivers, and the underground.
Biosphere The world of plants, animals, and other living things in earth's land and waters.
Continent Any of the 7 large land masses of the earth's surface: N & S America, Africa, Australia, Asia, Antarctica, and Europe.
Relief
Plate Tectonics
Continent Drift Theory The type of climate found in the great central areas of continents in the Northern Hemisphere; characterized by cold, snowy winters and warm or hot summers.
Ring of Fire
Core the earth's center, consisting of very hot metal that is dense and solid in the inner core molten, or liquid, in the outer core.
Mantle
Crust The solid, rocky, surface layer in the earth.
Lithosphere
Atmosphere The layer or gases, water vapor, and other substances above the earth.
Hydrosphere The water contained in oceans, lakes, rivers, and the underground.
Biosphere The world of plants, animals, and other living things in earth's land and waters.
Continent Any of the 7 large land masses of the earth's surface: N & S America, Africa, Australia, Asia, Antarctica, and Europe.
Relief
Plate Tectonics
Continent Drift Theory The type of climate found in the great central areas of continents in the Northern Hemisphere; characterized by cold, snowy winters and warm or hot summers.
Ring of Fire A ring of volcanic mountains surrounding the Pacific Ocean.
Created by: MakailaTyer21