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ss day 2

lecture notes of 8/28

what is phonemic awareness awareness of the smallest units of sound in a word. ability to segment, blend, and manipulate these units.phonemic awareness hears three sounds in the word bat: /b/, /a/, and /t/.
what is an articulation problem motor problem
what is a phonological problem problem figuring out the sounds system
what are some aspects of the sound system(5) language specific includes sounds set of instructions for how we articulate the sounds certican sounds can be combined or where they are placed in a word
what are the 4 components of the formal definition of sound system 1. inventory of contrasted phonemes 2. allophonic rules 3. phonotactic rules 4. morphophonemic rules
what does inventory of contrasted phonemes mean? the sounds that are used in the language. for example our vowel and consonant inventory
what are allophonic rules? rules that tell us when to use which of those allophones
what is an example of an allophonic rule? [p(aspirated)] generally used at the beginning of words [p(unaspirated)] almost always used a the end of words. Both these phonemes are /p/ = one phoneme In hindi those phonemes are separate which means that there could be two different meanings
what are phonotactic rules the rules for which sounds can touch each other. or what sounds are possible in the language
what are the 3 aspects of phonotactic rules? morpheme structure rules, the way we combine words. positional constraints; rules that say certian sounds are only allowed in certain positions sequential constraints; which sequence of sounds are possible, blends
what are morphophonemic rules intersection between phonology and morphology; the rules determined by morphenes
examples of morphophonemic rules english regular past tense -ed wave > waved talk > talkt weed > weed^d
what is a phonological disorder a disorder involving the contrasted phoneme inventory and the 3 rules
what is phonological translation taking the rules for one langauge and applying it to another language
what are the 4 reasons to know about speech sound acquisition 1. helps with referral aceptance and information 2. helps decisions on assessment tools 3. helps choose treatment targets 4. helps with dismissal decisions.
Created by: boone.pacific