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Intro to Health

The normal pulse range of a Infant 80-160
The normal pulse range of a child 1-6 years old 75-130
The normal pulse range of a adult is 60-100
A normal respiratory range of an infant (under one year of age) 26-40
A normal respiratory range of a child (1-6 years) 20-30
A normal respiratory range of a adult 12-20
(T) refers to Temperture
(P)refers to pulse
(R)refers to Respirations
(BP)refers to Blood pressure
Orally Sublingual
Aurally Ear
Rectally Rectum
Axillary Armpit
Ax axillary
R Rectal
A Aural
T Temporal
Normal temperture is 98.6F
Normal oral temperture range is 97.6-99.6
The sim's position refers to The adult's left leg is slightly bent AND the right leg is sharply bent AND their left arm is behind them.
In a adult the rectal thermometer should be inserted 1 to 1 1/2 inches
In a infant the rectal thermometer should be inserted 1 inch
The normal rectal temperature is 98.6 to 100.6
The medical term for a fever is Pyrexia or febrile
Pyrexia occurs when the body temperture exceeds 101.0
tempertures above 106.o can quickly lead to convulsions and death
FUO stands for Fever of Unknown Origins
PUO stands for Pyrexia of Unknown Origins
To obtain a rectal temperature of a infant( under one year of age)Should be positioned on their Back OR Abdomen
Tympanic thermometers measure the infered energy emitted from the Tympanic membrane(eardrum)
Tympanic thermometers require a sheath called a Probe cover
Otalgia earache
Otorrhea Flow or discharge from the ear canel
The temporal thermometer probe is placed on the Center of the forehead and slowly passed straight toward the top of the ear keeping in contact with the skin
Palpation or palpating means Feeling( a pulse)
When papating(feeling) a pulse(P) should use the Tips of your first two or three fingers
You should never palpate(feel) with your Thumb
A weak pulse is described as Thready or feeble
a strong pulse is described as Bounding
The carotid arteries are located on either side of the Neck(Adam's apple)
The brachial arteries are located at the cease of The elbows
The radial arteries are located at the Lateral aspect of the wrists on the thumb side
The femoral arteries are located at the Medial(middle)aspect of the superior (upper)thighs
The popliteal arteries are located Posterior(behind)to the patellas(knees)
The dorsalis pedis arteries are located at the Dorsal(back) portion of each foot
The posterior tibial arteries are located on the Medial(middle) side of the ankles
The pulse(P) rate is measured as the number of Beats Per Minute(bpm)
Pulse rates abnormally slow are called Bradycardia(bradycardic)
Pulse rates abnormally fast are called Tachycardia(Tachycardic)
One respiration consists of One inspiration(inhalation) AND one expiration(exhalation)
The respiratory rate is measured as the number of Respirations Per Minute(rpm)
Difficult or labored breathing is called Dyspnea(dyspnic)OR SOB(Short Of Breath)
Slow breathing is called Bradypnea(bradypic) OR Hypopnea(hypopnic)
Fast breathing is called Tachypnea(tachypic)OR Hyperpnea(hyperpnic)
No breathing is called Apnea(apinc)
Easier breathing in a upright position is called Orthopnea(orthopnic)
Ortho means Straight
The apical pulse is located just inferior(below) to the left nipple
The apical pulse is obtained by Auscultation(auscultation means with a stethoscope)
The part of the stethoscope used to obtain a apical pulse is called the Diaphragm
The opposite side of the stethoscope diaphragm is called the Bell
The tips of the earpieces should be bent Forward
The earpieces and diaphragm should be cleaned( before and after every use) with 70%isopropyl
Each "lubb-dupp" of a apical pulse is counted as One heartbeat
A pical pulse should be counted for 1 minute
An apical pulse higher then other pulse sites is called a Pulse deficit
Blood pressure (BP) is the pressure exerted on the walls of the Arteries
Pressure exerted on the arterial walls during cardiac contractions is called Systole(systolic)
The systolic pressure is expressed as the Top number of a blood pressure(BP) reading
Pressure exerted on the arterial walls during cardiac relaxation is called Diastole(diastolic)
The diastolic pressure is expressed as the Bottom number of the Blood Pressure (BP) reading
Blood pressure (BPs) are measured in millimeters of mercury(mmHg)
Blood pressures(BP) are measured on a instrument called Sphygmomanometer("sphygmo")
Types of sphygmomanometers include Mercury and aneroid
Each line on the sphygmomanometer gauge represents 2 millimeters of mercury(mmHg).
Blood pressures are written as a Fraction(I.e 128/76 the top number contracts and the bottom number relaxes
The normal systolic range is <120 millimeters of mercury(mmHg)
A systolic pressure between 120-139 millimeters of mercury(mmHg) is called perhypertension
A systolic pressure between 140-159 millimeters of mercury is called Hypertension(HTN)stage one
A systolic pressure >160 millimeters of mercury(mmHg) is called Hypertension(HTN)stage 2
The normal diastolic range is <80 millimeters of mercury(mmHg)
A diastolic pressure between 80-89 millimeters of mercury(mmHg) is called Prehypertension
A diastolic pressure between 90-99 millimeters of mercury(mmHg) is called Hypertension(HTN) stage 1
A diastolic pressure>100 millimeters of mercury(mmHg) is called Hypertension (HTN) stage 2
A sudden drop in blood pressure (BP) when an individual sits up or stands up is called Orthostatic hypotension AKA postural hypotension
Before obtaining a blood pressure (BP)have the patient(Pt) rest for 5-10 minutes
The chosen arm should be free of constrictive clothing
The Blood Pressure (BP) cuff should cover 2/3 of the superior (upper)arm
The blood pressure cuffs should be placed one inch above the crease of the elbow
An arrow on the blood pressure(BP) cuff should be placed over the Brachial artery
The blood pressure (BP) cuff should be positioned at heart level
After placing the blood pressure(BP) cuff correctly on the superior(upper) arm, plapate(feel) the Radial artery
Close the valve on the bulb AND inflate the blood pressure(BP)cuff until the radial pulse Cannot be palpated(felt) -remember righty tighty,lefty loosey
The point where the radial pulse cannot be palpated(felt) is called the Palpatory systolic pressure
Deflate the blood pressure(BP) cuff completely AND ask the patient to raise the arm AND flex the fingers for 30-60 seconds to Promote blood flow( now palpate the brachial artery)
Place the stethscope diaphragm over the brachial artery AND Hold securely with light pressure
The first sound should be heard close to the Palpatory systolic pressure reading
The first sound represents the systolic pressure ( the sound will resemble tapping)
As you auscultate(listen) to the tapping sound the needle of the aneroid shygmomanometer OR the mercurial shygmomanometer will Bounce in unison with the tapping sounds.(you will listen until the tapping sound is no longer heard)
Where the tapping sound stops represents the Diastolic pressure
If you should hear the tapping sound all the way to zero,record the Number where the tapping sound changed AND zero(ie 128/78/0 )- Don't write zero
The American Heart Association (AHA) suggests acquiring a blood pressure reading from Both arms if possible
A blood pressure (BP) reading is slightly more accurate in the Left arm if possible
Performing a blood pressure (BP)is contraindicated in a arm if 1.with a intravenous (IV) line,2.With a injury,3.On the same side as a mastectomy
Blood pressure (BPs)are documented with an arrow side ways---> if the patient was lying down
No arrow indicates that the blood pressure (BP) was obtained with the patient(pt) sitting down
When you become proficient(skilled)at obtaining a blood pressure(BP)reading,the entire process should be completed in less then 1 minute
Created by: BLM1095