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Biomes-glossary

TermDefinition
Anthropogenic biomes describe patterns of vegetation, ecosystem processes and climatic conditions as well as human influence and impact on a landscape. They include land use, population density, transport systems, and settlements to describe human use of landscapes.
Atmosphere the thin layer of gases that surround the Earth's surface
Biomes a major ecosystem that spreads over a large area which is characterised by a dominant vegetation type and similar climatic conditions
Biosphere living organisms on Earth including plants and animals.
Canopy The top layer of a rainforest made up of the interlinked tree crowns which little light pass through to the ground below
Consumer Plants or animals that eat or rely on the consumption of other living things for their survival.
Decomposers Plants or animals in a food chain that return energy back into the enviroment
Desalination The removal of dissolved salts and minerals from previously unusable water such as seawater or groundwater to make it fit for consumption
Emergent a tree that stands out higher above the canopy
Food chain When energy is exchanged from plants to animals or animals to animals through consumption
Food web animals within an ecosystem or biome may consume many different plants and animal species, and therefore they become very complex and interconnected forming webs
Genetically modified (GM) species Breeds of plants and animals that have had their DNA altered by the addition of a gene from another organism for the purpose of the correction or modification of defects
Humus Leaf litter and decaying material that accumulates on the forest floor
Lithosphere the Earth's surface layer including its soil, rock and landforms
Monocultural landscape One kind of crop or vegetation type
Photosynthesize the conversion of sunlight into energy to sustain plant growth
Producer the source of energy or sustenance in a food
Shifting agriculture A form of subsistence agriculture where a clearing is created in a forest for crops which is used until soil fertility is exhausted and the cultivators then move on to a new area
Subsistence farming A form of agriculture that provides for a farmer and their family, leaving a little or none to sell
Taiga A coniferous forest of high northern latitudes between the tundra and steppes of Siberia and North America dominated by spruce and fir species
Upwellings Nutrient rich water are brought to the ocean's surface which in turn supports large fish populations and high rates of net primary production
Weather the day to day atmospheric conditions involving rainfall and temperature, humidity, wind and air pressure
Hubris over reaching pride or ambition
Yield amount of produce cattle yield= meat KG
Aesthetics visual, What it looks like
Irrigation the artificial application of water to land to assist in the production of crops and livestock
Net Primary Production total amount of energy or biomass created by an organism
Human-induced caused by activities of humans
Soil Degration reduction in the quality of the soil
Land degredation The loss in soil nutrients, salts and acids and soil erosion, it occurs primarily through water and wind erosion, by chemical deterioration and through physical damage
Pesticides Chemical substances used to control, fungi, insects, diseases and pests on crops
Fertilisers Provides important substances that add to the soil fertilisation although this can cause fertiliser run-offs
Fertiliser run-off into waterways can be poisonous to marine life, or cause an explosion in marine plant growth that can block rivers or disrupt delicate
Bio-diversity is vital for adaptations to changing environments and ensuring long-term survival
Pathogens anything that can come to disease (bad germs)
Created by: fmill17